Caesar c.1200, see CAESARIAN (Cf. caesarian); O.E. had casere, which would have yielded modern *coser, but it was replaced in Middle English by keiser, from Norse or Low German, and later in Middle English by the French or Latin form of the name. Cæsar was used as a title of emperors down to Hadrian (138 C.E.), and also is the root of Ger. Kaiser and Rus. tsar (see CZAR (Cf. czar)). He competes as progenitor of words for "king" with Charlemagne (L. Carolus), as in Lithuanian karalius, Polish krol, Hungarian kiraly. In U.S. slang c.1900, a sheriff was Great Seizer.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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