bread


bread
{{11}}bread (n.) O.E. bread "bit, crumb, morsel; bread," cognate with O.N. brauð, Dan. brèd, O.Fris. brad, M.Du. brot, Du. brood, Ger. Brot). According to one theory [Watkins, etc.] from from P.Gmc. *brautham, which would be from the root of BREW (Cf. brew) and refer to the leavening. But OED argues at length for the basic sense being not "cooked food" but "piece of food," and the O.E. word deriving from a P.Gmc. *braudsmon- "fragments, bits" (Cf. O.H.G. brosma "crumb," O.E. breotan "to break in pieces") and being related to the root of BREAK (Cf. break). It cites Slovenian kruh "bread," lit. "a piece." Either way, by c.1200 it had replaced the usual O.E. word for "bread," which was hlaf (see LOAF (Cf. loaf)).
Slang meaning "money" dates from 1940s, but Cf. BREADWINNER (Cf. breadwinner). Bread-and-butter in the figurative sense of "basic needs" is from 1732. Bread and circuses (1914) is from Latin, in reference to food and entertainment provided by governments to keep the populace happy. "Duas tantum res anxius optat, Panem et circenses" [Juvenal, Sat. x.80].
{{12}}bread (v.) "to dress with bread crumbs," 1727, from BREAD (Cf. bread) (n.). Related: Breaded; breading.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • BREAD — (Heb. לֶחֶם, leḥem), a baked commodity from a cereal flour. The primary sense of leḥem is food in general (Gen. 37:25; Num. 28:2; I Kings 5:2; etc.). The Ugaritic lḥm has the same general sense and the same particular sense, while the Arabic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), n. [AS. bre[ a]d; akin to OFries. br[=a]d, OS. br[=o]d, D. brood, G. brod, brot, Icel. brau[eth], Sw. & Dan. br[ o]d. The root is probably that of E. brew. [root]93. See {Brew}.] 1. An article of food made from flour or meal by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — рок группа из США, образована в 1969 году в Лос Анджелесе по инициативе студийного музыканта, композитора, аранжировщика и продюсера Дэвида Гейтса (David Gates), 11.12.1940, Талса, Оклахома, США вокал, гитара, бас , клавишные (как сессионный… …   Википедия

  • Bread — Pays d’origine Los Angeles, Californie, États Unis Genre musical Folk rock, Soft rock Années d activité 1968 1977 Labels Elektra Anciens membres David Gates Jimm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bread — W3S2 [bred] n [U] [: Old English;] 1.) a type of food made from flour and water that is mixed together and then baked ▪ Would you like some bread with your soup? ▪ the smell of fresh bread ▪ a loaf of bread ▪ Could you cut me a slice of bread… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • bread — ► NOUN 1) food made of flour, water, and yeast mixed together and baked. 2) informal money. ● bread and butter Cf. ↑bread and butter ● bread and circuses Cf. ↑bread and circuses …   English terms dictionary

  • bread — [ bred ] noun uncount *** 1. ) a common food made from flour, water, and usually YEAST (=a substance that makes the bread grow larger). Bread is usually sold in a large piece called a loaf or made into smaller pieces called rolls. You usually cut …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bread — [bred] n. [ME bred < OE bread, crumb, morsel < IE * bhreu , var. of * bhereu , to ferment < base * bher , well up, seethe > BREW, BURN1, L fervere, to boil] 1. a) a food baked from a leavened, kneaded dough made with flour or meal,… …   English World dictionary

  • bread — bread; bread·en; bread·less; clap·bread; way·bread; crisp·bread; gin·ger·bread; …   English syllables

  • Bread — Bread, v. t. (Cookery) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), v. t. [AS. br[ae]dan to make broad, to spread. See {Broad}, a.] To spread. [Obs.] Ray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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