blood


blood
{{11}}blood (n.) O.E. blod "blood," from P.Gmc. *blodam "blood" (Cf. O.Fris. blod, O.S. blôd, O.N. bloð, M.Du. bloet, Du. bloed, O.H.G. bluot, Ger. Blut, Goth. bloþ), from PIE *bhlo-to-, perhaps meaning "to swell, gush, spurt," or "that which bursts out" (Cf. Goth. bloþ "blood," bloma "flower"), in which case it would be from suffixed form of *bhle-, extended form of *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see BOLE (Cf. bole)).
There seems to have been an avoidance in Germanic, perhaps from taboo, of other PIE words for "blood," such as *esen- (Cf. poetic Gk. ear, O.Latin aser, Skt. asrk, Hittite eshar); also *krew-, which seems to have had a sense of "blood outside the body, gore from a wound" (Cf. L. cruour "blood from a wound," Gk. kreas "meat"), which came to mean simply "blood" in the Balto-Slavic group and some other languages.
Inheritance and relationship senses (also found in L. sanguis, Gk. haima) emerged in English by mid-13c. Meaning "person of one's family, race, kindred" is late 14c. As the seat of passions, it is recorded from c.1300. Slang meaning "hot spark, a man of fire" [Johnson] is from 1560s. Blood pressure attested from 1862. Blood money is from 1530s; originally money paid for causing the death of another. Blood type is from 1928. That there were different types of human blood was discovered c.1900 during early experiments in transfusion. Blood-stained (adj.) is from 1590s. To get blood from a stone "do the impossible" is from 1660s. Expression blood is thicker than water attested by 1803, in reference to family ties of those separated by distance. New (or fresh) blood, in reference to members of an organization or group is from 1880.
{{12}}blood (v.) 1590s, "to smeart with blood;" 1620s, "to cause to bleed," from BLOOD (Cf. blood) (n.). Meaning "to give an animal its first taste of blood" is from 1781. Related: Blooded; blooding.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Blood — (bl[u^]d), n. [OE. blod, blood, AS. bl[=o]d; akin to D. bloed, OHG. bluot, G. blut, Goth. bl[=o][thorn], Icel. bl[=o][eth], Sw. & Dan. blod; prob. fr. the same root as E. blow to bloom. See {Blow} to bloom.] 1. The fluid which circulates in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • blood — blood; blood·i·ly; blood·i·ness; blood·less; blood·mo·bile; blood·noun; blood·shot; blood·shot·ten; blood·stanch; blood·stock; blood·stone; blood·less·ly; blood·less·ness; …   English syllables

  • blood — [blud] n. [ME blod, blode < OE blod: see BLEED] 1. the usually red fluid, consisting of plasma, red and white blood cells, etc., that circulates through the heart, arteries, and veins of vertebrates: blood is a body tissue that carries oxygen …   English World dictionary


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