Black Death
Black Death "bubonic/pneumonic plague epidemic of 1347-51 in Europe," a modern name, introduced in English 1823 by Elizabeth Penrose's history of England. The contemporary name for it in most languages was something like "the great dying" or simply "the plague" (or, looking back after its return, "the first pestilence"). The term "Black Death" first turns up in 16c. Swedish and Danish chronicles, but in reference to a visitation of plague in Iceland in 1402-3 that carried off much of the population there (which had been spared in the earlier outbreak). The exact sense of "black" is not clear. The term appears in English translations of the Scandinavian works from 1750s. It was picked up in German c.1770 and applied to the earlier outbreak, and taken from there into English in that sense.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • BLACK DEATH — BLACK DEATH, epidemic of various contagious diseases, bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic, all caused by the same bacillus, pasteurella pestis, a combination of which raged throughout Europe between 1348 and 1350. (See Map: Black Death). It was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Black Death — Données clés Réalisation Christopher Smith Scénario Dario Poloni Acteurs principaux Sean Bean Eddie Redmayne Carice van Houten Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Black death — Death Death (d[e^]th), n. [OE. deth, dea[eth], AS. de[ a][eth]; akin to OS. d[=o][eth], D. dood, G. tod, Icel. dau[eth]i, Sw. & Dan. d[ o]d, Goth. dau[thorn]us; from a verb meaning to die. See {Die}, v. i., and cf. {Dead}.] 1. The cessation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Black Death — (1984) афроамериканская хеви металическая группа. Black Death название норвежской блэк металической группы «Darkthrone» с 1986 по 1987 год. Блэк дэт метал (black/death metal, blackened death metal)  стиль музыки, вобравший в себя элементы… …   Википедия

  • Black death — A pestilence which ravaged Europe and Asia in the fourteenth century. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Black Death — n the Black Death the illness that killed large numbers of people in Europe and Asia in the 14th century →↑bubonic plague, ↑plague1 (2) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Black Death — Black′ Death′ n. pat why an outbreak of bubonic plague that spread over Europe and Asia in the 14th century and killed an estimated quarter of the population • Etymology: 1815–25 …   From formal English to slang

  • Black Death — n. a deadly disease, probably bubonic plague, which devastated Europe and Asia in the 14th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Black Death — ), [ [http://www.pasteur.fr/actu/presse/press/07pesteTIGR E.htm Researchers sound the alarm: the multidrug resistance of the plague bacillus could spread] ] but recently attributed by some to other diseases.The pandemic is thought to have begun… …   Wikipedia

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