Beguine
Beguine late 15c., from Fr. béguine (13c.), M.L. beguina, a member of a women's spiritual order said to have been founded c.1180 in Liege in the Low Countries. They are said to take their name from the surname of Lambert le Bègue "Lambert the Stammerer," a Liege priest who was instrumental in their founding, and it's likely the word was pejorative at first. The order generally preserved its reputation, though it quickly drew imposters who did not; nonetheless it eventually was condemned as heretical. A male order, called Beghards founded communities by the 1220s in imitation of them, but they soon degenerated (Cf. O.Fr. beguin " (male) Beguin," also "hypocrite") and wandered begging in the guise of religion; they likely were the source of the words BEG (Cf. beg) and BEGGAR (Cf. beggar), though there is disagreement over whether Beghard produced M.Du. beggaert "mendicant" or was produced by it. Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine" (1935) refers to a kind of popular dance of W.Indian origin, from French colloquial béguin "an infatuation, boyfriend, girlfriend," earlier "child's bonnet," and before that "nun's headdress" (14c.), from M.Du. beggaert, ultimately the same word.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • béguine — [ begin ] n. f. • 1227; néerl. beggaert « moine mendiant » ♦ Religieuse de Belgique et des Pays Bas soumise à la vie conventuelle (⇒ béguinage) sans avoir prononcé de vœux. ● béguine nom féminin (peut être moyen néerlandais beggaert, membre d une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Béguine — Béguine, in Des dodes dantz, imprimé à Lübeck en 1489 Une béguine, est, dans son acception actuelle, une femme membre d’une communauté religieuse aux règles moins strictes que celles d’un monastère. Au Moyen Âge, les béguines était un courant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beguine —   [französisch, be gi:n], seit Anfang der Dreißigerjahre weltweit verbreiteter Gesellschaftstanz, dessen Urform sich im 19. Jahrhundert als Synthese afrikanischer, afroamerikanischer (Rumba, Tango) und europäischer (Mazurka, Polka) Tänze auf… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Béguine —   [be giːn; französisch »Flirt«] der, s/ s, fachsprachlich: die, / s, um 1930 von den Antilleninseln Martinique und Saint Lucia nach Europa gelangter Tanz in gemäßigtem bis raschem Tempo, im 2/4 , 4/4 oder 2/2 Takt, eine Abart der Rumba; bekannt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • beguine — [bi gēn′] n. [AmFr béguine < Fr béguin, infatuation, fancy (< phr. avoir un béguin pour, to have a fancy for); earlier, a child s cap with strings, orig., a nun s cap < OFr Béguine: see BEGUINE] a rhythmic native dance of Martinique or… …   English World dictionary

  • Beguine — Béguine Courants du Moyen Âge Hermétisme Alchimie Péripatétisme Augustinisme Avicennisme Thomisme Averroïsme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beguine — [beg′ēn΄; ] Fr [ bā gēn′] n. [MFr beguine < OFr < begard: see BEG] a member of certain lay sisterhoods, not under permanent vows, begun in the Low Countries in the 12th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Beguine — Be guine , n. [F. b[ e]guine; LL. beguina, beghina; fr. Lambert le B[ e]gue (the Stammerer) the founder of the order. (Du Cange.)] A woman belonging to one of the religious and charitable associations or communities in the Netherlands, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beguine — Beguine, so v.w. Kampfstrandläufer …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • béguine — BÉGUINE. s. f. Nom de certaines Religieuses des Pays Bas, et qu on donne par mépris à une Dévote superstitieuse et minutieuse. Il est familier …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

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