ace


ace
{{11}}ace (n.) c.1300, "one at dice," from O.Fr. as "one at dice," from L. as "a unit, one, a whole, unity;" also the name of a small Roman coin ("originally one pound of copper; reduced by depreciation to half an ounce" [Lewis]), perhaps originally Etruscan and related to Greek eis "one" (from PIE *sem- "one, as one"), or directly from the Greek word.
In English, it meant the side of the die with only one mark before it meant the playing card with one pip (1530s). Because this was the lowest roll at dice, ace was used metaphorically in Middle English for "bad luck" or "something of no value;" but as the ace is often the highest playing card, the extended senses based on "excellence, good quality" arose 18c. as card-playing became popular. Ace in the hole in the figurative sense of "concealed advantage" is attested from 1904, from crooked stud poker deals.
Meaning "outstanding pilot" dates from 1917 (technically, in WWI aviators' jargon, one who has brought down 10 enemy planes, though originally in reference to 5 shot down), from Fr. l'ace (1915), which, according to Bruce Robertson (ed.) "Air Aces of the 1914-1918 War" was used in prewar French sporting publications for "top of the deck" boxers, cyclists, etc. Sports meaning of "point scored" (1819) led to that of "unreturnable serve" (1889).
{{12}}ace (v.) "to score" (in sports), 1923, from ACE (Cf. ace) (n.). This led in turn to the extended student slang sense of "get high marks" (1959). Related: Aced; acing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • ace — ace …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • ace — ace·di·ast; ace; ace·naph·thene; ace·naph·the·nyl; ace·naph·thy·lene; ace·pha·lia; ace·phal·ic; ace·quia; ace·ria; ace·tic; ace·ti·fi·ca·tion; ace·ti·fi·er; ace·ti·fy; ace·to·ac·et·an·i·lide; ace·to·ac·e·tate; ace·to·ace·tic; ace·to·ace·tic;… …   English syllables

  • ACE — steht als Abkürzung für: Access Control Entry, einen Eintrag in der Zugriffskontrollliste Accumulated Cyclone Energy, eine Einheit zum Messen der Intensität von tropischen Wirbelstürmen ACE (Dateiformat), ein Kompressionsformat für Archive ACE… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ACE K-1 — Biplane ACE K 1 Biplane est un biplan de sport monoplace à ailes inégales. L avion fut dessiné par Alexander Klemin et N.W.Dalton, visiblement inspirés par les chasseurs allemands de la Première Guerre mondiale. Construit entièrement en bois, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ace K-1 — Biplane ACE K 1 Biplane est un biplan de sport monoplace à ailes inégales. L avion fut dessiné par Alexander Klemin et N.W.Dalton, visiblement inspirés par les chasseurs allemands de la Première Guerre mondiale. Construit entièrement en bois, le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ACE — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. {{{image}}}   Sigles d une seule lettre   Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ace — [ ɛs ] n. m. • 1928; mot angl. ♦ Anglic. Au tennis, Balle de service qui fait le point, l adversaire n ayant pu la toucher. ⊗ HOM. Ès, esse, 1. s. ● ace nom masculin (mot anglais signifiant as) Au tennis, balle de service que l adversaire ne peut …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • -acé — ⇒ ACE, ASSE, suff. Suff. à valeur augm. ou péj., formateur d adj. et de subst. A. Ajoute ordinairement une nuance soit augmentative (idée d abondance), soit péjorative 1. Augmentative a) Substantif : bannasse « grand panier » (banne)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • .ace — (format de fichier) Pour les articles homonymes, voir ACE. ACE Extension de fichier .ace Type MIME application/x ace compressed Développé par …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ace — 〈[ɛıs] n.; s [ɛısız], s [ɛısız]; Sp.〉 1. 〈Tennis〉 = Ass3 (4) 2. 〈Golf〉 das Erreichen des Loches mit einem Schlag [engl., „Ass“] * * * ACE [Abk. für engl. angiotensin converting enzyme = Angiotensin umwandelndes Enzym]; Syn.: Kininase II,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ace — ([=a]s), n.; pl. {Aces} ([=a] s[e^]z). [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis, unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. {As}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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