turn

{{11}}turn (n.) mid-13c., "action of rotation," from Anglo-Fr. tourn (O.Fr. tour), from L. tornus "turning lathe;" also partly a noun of action from TURN (Cf. turn) (v.). Meaning "an act of turning, a single revolution or part of a revolution" is attested from late 15c. Sense of "place of bending" (in a road, river, etc.) is recorded from early 15c. Meaning "beginning of a period of time" is attested from 1853 (e.g. turn of the century, 1926). Sense of "act of good will" is recorded from c.1300. Meaning "spell of work" is from late 14c.; that of "an individual's time for action, when these go around in succession" is recorded from late 14c. Turn about "by turns, alternately" is recorded from 1640s. Phrase done to a turn (1780) suggests meat roasted on a spit. The turn of the screw (1796) is the additional twist to tighten its hold, sometimes with reference to torture by thumbscrews.
{{12}}turn (v.) late O.E. turnian "to rotate, revolve," in part also from O.Fr. torner "to turn," both from L. tornare "turn on a lathe," from tornus "lathe," from Gk. tornos "lathe, tool for drawing circles," from PIE root *tere- "to rub, rub by turning, turn, twist" (see THROW (Cf. throw)). Expression to turn (something) into (something else) probably retains the classical sense of "to shape on a lathe" (attested in English from c.1300).
To turn up "arrive" is recorded from 1755. Turn-off "something that dampens one's spirits" first recorded 1975 (said to have been in use since 1968); to turn (someone) on "excite, stimulate, arouse" is recorded from 1903. Someone should revive turn-sick "dizzy," which is attested from mid-15c. To turn (something) loose "set free" is recorded from 1590s. Turn down (v.) "reject" first recorded 1891, Amer.Eng. Turn in "go to bed" is attested from 1690s, originally nautical. To turn the stomach "nauseate" is recorded from 1620s. To turn up one's nose as an expression of contempt is attested from 1779. Turning point is attested by 1836 in a figurative sense; literal sense from 1856.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Turn — (t[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Turning}.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner, turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a lathe, to rounds off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. ? a turner s chisel, a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turn — [tʉrn] vt. [ME turnen < OE turnian & OFr turner, tourner, both < L tornare, to turn in a lathe, turn < tornus, lathe < Gr tornos, lathe, carpenter s compasses, akin to terein, to bore through: for IE base see THROW] I to cause to… …   English World dictionary

  • turn — ► VERB 1) move in a circular direction wholly or partly around an axis. 2) move into a different position, especially so as to face or move in the opposite direction. 3) change in nature, state, form, or colour; make or become. 4) shape on a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Turn — Turn, v. i. 1. To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man turns …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turn — Turn, n. 1. The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if about, a center or axis; revolution; as, the turn of a wheel. [1913 Webster] 2. Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order, position, or aspect of affairs;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turn — TURN, turnuri, s.n. 1. Construcţie prismatică sau cilindrică, clădită separat sau făcând parte dintr un complex arhitectural, fiind de obicei mai înaltă decât celelalte construcţii. ♢ Turn de răcire = construcţie de lemn, de piatră, de beton… …   Dicționar Român

  • turn — turn; coun·ter·turn; re·turn·abil·i·ty; re·turn·able; re·turn·ee; re·turn·less; tac·i·turn; tac·i·turn·ly; top·sy·turn; turn·able; turn·bull s; turn·dun; turn·halle; turn·pik·er; turn·sole; turn·ver·ein; un·turn; noc·turn; re·turn; turn·wrest;… …   English syllables

  • Turn — may refer to:In music: *Turn (music), a sequence of several notes next to each other in the scale *Turn (band), an Irish rock group:* Turn LP, a 2005 rock album by Turn * Turn (The Ex album), a 2004 punk album by The Ex * Turn (Feeder song), a… …   Wikipedia

  • turn — [n1] revolution, curving about face, angle, bend, bias, bow, branch, change, changeabout, circle, circuit, circulation, circumvolution, corner, curve, cycle, departure, detour, deviation, direction, drift, flection, flexure, fork, gyration, gyre …   New thesaurus

  • Turn It Up — «Turn It Up» Sencillo de Paris Hilton del álbum Paris Publicación 15 de julio de 2006 Formato Descarga digital, sencillo en CD Grabación 2006 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turn It Up — may refer to:* Turn It Up (film), a 2000 drama/musical movie * Turn It Up! , an American television game show * Turn It Up (album), an album by Shannon Noll * , an album by Busta Rhymes * Turn It Up (Johnta Austin song) * Turn It Up (Brandy song) …   Wikipedia

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