third

third (adj.) O.E. metathesis of þridda, from P.Gmc. *thridjas (Cf. O.Fris. thredda, O.S. thriddio, M.L.G. drudde, Du. derde, O.H.G. dritto, Ger. dritte, O.N. þriðe, Goth. þridja), from PIE *tritjos (Cf. Skt. trtiyas, Avestan thritya, Gk. tritos, L. tertius, O.C.S. tretiji, Lith. trecias, O.Ir. triss). Related to O.E. þreo (see THREE (Cf. three)). Metathesis of thrid into third is attested from c.950 in Northumbria, but thrid was prevalent up to 16c. The noun meaning "third part of anything" is recorded from late 14c. Third rail in electric railway sense is recorded from 1890. Third World War as a possibility first recorded 1947. Third-rate "of poor quality" is from 1814, ultimately from classification of ships (1640s); third class in railway travel is from 1839. Third Reich (1930) is a partial translation of Ger. drittes Reich (1923). Third party in law, insurance, etc., is from 1818.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Third — (th[ e]rd), a. [OE. thirde, AS. [thorn]ridda, fr. [thorn]r[=i], [thorn]re[ o], three; akin to D. derde third, G. dritte, Icel. [thorn]ri[eth]i, Goth. [thorn]ridja, L. tertius, Gr. tri tos, Skr. t[.r]t[=i]ya. See {Three}, and cf. {Riding} a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Third — may refer to: 3 (number), such as the 3rd of something see also Ordinal number (linguistics) Fraction (mathematics), such as 1/3 1/60 of a second, or 1/3,600 of a minute[citation needed] Third World, economically underdeveloped nations Third… …   Wikipedia

  • Third — Студийный альбом Portishead Дата выпуска 28 апреля 2008 года Записан 2005 2007 Жанры …   Википедия

  • Third — Studioalbum von Portishead …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • third — (thûrd) n. 1. The ordinal number matching the number three in a series. 2. One of three equal parts. 3. Music a) An interval of three degrees in a diatonic scale. b) A tone separated by three degrees from a given tone, especially the third tone… …   Word Histories

  • Third — Third, n. 1. The quotient of a unit divided by three; one of three equal parts into which anything is divided. [1913 Webster] 2. The sixtieth part of a second of time. [1913 Webster] 3. (Mus.) The third tone of the scale; the mediant. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • third — [thʉrd] adj. [ME thirde, altered by metathesis < thridde < OE thridda < IE * tṛtiyo (< base * trei ,THREE) > L tertius, Gr tritos] 1. preceded by two others in a series; 3d or 3rd 2. next below the second in rank, power, value,… …   English World dictionary

  • third — third; third·borough; third·ings; third·ly; third·ness; …   English syllables

  • third — [θɜːd ǁ θɜːrd] adjective third half/​quarter/​period ACCOUNTING the third half, quarter etc of the financial year …   Financial and business terms

  • third — ► ORDINAL NUMBER 1) constituting number three in a sequence; 3rd. 2) (a third/one third) each of three equal parts into which something is or may be divided. 3) Music an interval spanning three consecutive notes in a diatonic scale, e.g. C to E.… …   English terms dictionary

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