stock

{{11}}stock (n.1) O.E. stocc "stump, post, stake, tree trunk, log," also "pillory" (usually plural, stocks), from P.Gmc. *stukkaz "tree trunk" (Cf. O.N. stokkr "block of wood, trunk of a tree," O.S., O.Fris. stok, M.Du. stoc "tree trunk, stump," Du. stok "stick, cane," O.H.G. stoc "tree trunk, stick," Ger. Stock "stick, cane;" also Du. stuk, Ger. Stück "piece"), from PIE * (s)teu- (see STEEP (Cf. steep) (adj.)). Meaning "ancestry, family" (late 14c.) is a figurative use of the "tree trunk" sense (Cf. family tree). This is also the root of the meaning "heavy part of a tool," and "part of a rifle held against the shoulder" (1540s). Stock, lock, and barrel "the whole of a thing" is recorded from 1817. Meaning "framework on which a boat was constructed" (early 15c.) led to figurative phrase on stocks "planned and commenced" (1660s). Stock-still (late 15c.) is lit. "as still as a tree trunk."
{{12}}stock (n.2) "supply for future use" (early 15c.), "sum of money" (mid-15c.), M.E. developments of STOCK (Cf. stock) (n.1), but the ultimate sense connection is uncertain. Perhaps the notion is of the "trunk" from which gains are an outgrowth, or obs. sense of "money-box" (c.1400). Meaning "subscribed capital of a corporation" is from 1610s. Stock exchange is attested from 1773. The verb meaning "to supply (a store) with stock" is from 1620s; in stock "in the possession of a trader" is from 1610s. Meaning "broth made by boiling meat or vegetables" is from 1764. Theatrical use, in ref. to a company regularly acting together at a given theater, is attested from 1761. In reference to conversation or literature, "recurring, commonplace" (e.g. stock phrase), it is attested from 1738, on notion of "kept in store for constant use." Taking stock "making an inventory" is attested from 1736. As the collective term for the movable property of a farm, it is recorded from 1510s; hence LIVESTOCK (Cf. livestock).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • stock — [ stɔk ] n. m. • h. 1656, rare av. fin XIXe; mot angl. « souche » 1 ♦ Quantité de marchandises en réserve. Stocks d un magasin. Constituer, renouveler un stock. ⇒ approvisionnement, provision, réserve. Avoir un article en stock. Stock disponible …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stock — (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw. stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Cf. {Stokker}, {Stucco}, and {Tuck} a rapier.] 1. The stem, or main… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stock — n 1 a: the equipment, materials, or supplies of a business b: a store or supply accumulated; esp: the inventory of the goods of a merchant or manufacturer 2: the ownership element in a corporation usu. divided into shares and represented by… …   Law dictionary

  • stock — [stäk] n. [ME stocke < OE stocc, akin to Ger stock, Du stok, a stick < IE base * (s)teu , to strike, chop > STUMP, STUB] 1. the trunk of a tree 2. Archaic a) a tree stump b) a wooden block or log …   English World dictionary

  • Stock — es una voz inglesa[1] que se usa en español con el sentido de existencias. En el lenguaje comercial y financiero su empleo como anglicismo es frecuente, y por ello la RAE recomienda evitarlo y utilizar las voces en español correspondientes a cada …   Wikipedia Español

  • stock — ► NOUN 1) a supply of goods or materials available for sale or use. 2) farm animals bred and kept for their meat or milk; livestock. 3) the capital of a company raised through the issue and subscription of shares. 4) (stocks) a portion of a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Stock — steht für: einen länglichen zylindrischen Gegenstand, siehe Stock (Stab) Stock (Familienname), der Familienname Stock Stock (Spirituosen), ein Spirituosenhersteller in der Botanik ein Sprossachsensystem (auch Wurzelstock), siehe Rhizom (Botanik)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stock — (st[o^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stocked} (st[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Stocking}.] 1. To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as merchandise, and the like. [1913 Webster] 2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stock — Stock, a. Used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock phrase; a stock response; a stock sermon. A stock charge… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stock — s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} 1a. consistente quantità di merce giacente in un magazzino, pronta per essere venduta spec. in blocco; merce, articoli di stock, a prezzo di stock: venduti a prezzo particolarmente conveniente perché fondi di… …   Dizionario italiano

  • stock — [adj] commonplace banal, basic, common, conventional, customary, dull, established, formal, hackneyed, normal, ordinary, overused, regular, routine, run of the mill*, set, standard, staple, stereotyped, traditional, trite, typical, usual, worn… …   New thesaurus

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