roll

{{11}}roll (n.) early 13c., "rolled-up piece of parchment or paper," from O.Fr. rolle, from M.L. rotulus "a roll of paper," from L. rotula "small wheel," dim. of rota "wheel." Meaning "dough which is rolled before baking" is first recorded 1580s. Meaning "quantity of paper money" is from 1846; sense of "quantity of (rolled) film" is from 1890. Meaning "act of sexual intercourse" is attested from 1942.
{{12}}roll (v.) c.1300 in intrans. sense of "to move by rotating;" late 14c. as "to move (something) by turning it over and over," from ROLL (Cf. roll) (n.).
The rollyng stone neuer gatherth mosse. [John Heywood, "A dialogue conteinying the nomber in effect of all the proverbes in the Englishe tongue," 1546]
Of eyes, from 1510s. Of a movie camera, "to start filming," from 1938. Sense of "to rob a stuporous drunk" is from 1873, from the action required to get to his pockets. To roll with the punches is a metaphor from boxing (1940). Rolling pin is recorded from late 15c. Heads will roll is a Hitlerism:
If our movement is victorious there will be a revolutionary tribunal which will punish the crimes of November 1918. Then decapitated heads will roll in the sand. [1930]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • roll — roll …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • roll — [rōl] vi. [ME rollen < OFr roller < VL * rotulare < L rotula: see ROLL the n.] 1. a) to move by turning on an axis or over and over b) to rotate about its axis lengthwise, as a spacecraft in flight 2. a) to move or be mov …   English World dictionary

  • roll — ► VERB 1) move by turning over and over on an axis. 2) move forward on wheels or with a smooth, undulating motion. 3) (of a moving ship, aircraft, or vehicle) sway on an axis parallel to the direction of motion. 4) (of a machine or device) begin… …   English terms dictionary

  • Roll — Roll, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Rolled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Rolling}.] [OF. roeler, roler, F. rouler, LL. rotulare, fr. L. royulus, rotula, a little wheel, dim. of rota wheel; akin to G. rad, and to Skr. ratha car, chariot. Cf. {Control}, {Roll}, n.,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Roll — bezeichnet: Personen: Alfred Philippe Roll (1847–1919), französischer Maler Christine Roll (* 1960) deutsche Historikerin Eric Roll, Lord Roll of Ipsden (1907–2005), britischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Bankier Gernot Roll (* 1939),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roll — Roll, n. [F. r[^o]le a roll (in sense 3), fr. L. rotulus ? little wheel, LL., a roll, dim. of L. rota a wheel. See {Roll}, v., and cf. {R[^o]le}, {Rouleau}, {Roulette}.] 1. The act of rolling, or state of being rolled; as, the roll of a ball; the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • roll — [rəʊl ǁ roʊl] verb roll something → back phrasal verb [transitive] COMMERCE to reduce the price of something to a previous level: • the administration s promise to roll back taxes roll in phrasal verb [intransitive] …   Financial and business terms

  • Roll It — Roll It/Roll It Gal Alison Hinds J Status feat. Rihanna Shontelle Shontelle Veröffentlichung 18. März 2007 Länge 3:58 Genre(s) Reggae, R B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • roll — [n1] revolving, turning cycle, gyration, reel, revolution, rotation, run, spin, trundling, turn, twirl, undulation, whirl; concepts 147,201 roll [n2] cylindrical object ball, barrel, bobbin, cartouche, coil, cone, convolution, cornucopia,… …   New thesaurus

  • roll — n 1: a document containing an official record 2: an official list the public relief roll s: as a: a list of members of a legislative body the clerk called the roll and recorded the votes b: a list of prac …   Law dictionary

  • roll on — May (a specified event) come quickly • • • Main Entry: ↑roll * * * roll on british spoken phrase used for saying that you wish something would happen soon Roll on the summer holidays! Thesaurus: expressions of hope …   Useful english dictionary

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