read


read
read (v.) O.E. rædan (W.Saxon), redan (Anglian) "to explain, read, rule, advise" (related to ræd, red "advice"), from P.Gmc. *raedanan (Cf. O.N. raða, O.Fris. reda, Du. raden, O.H.G. ratan, Ger. raten "to advise, counsel, guess"), from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (Cf. Skt. radh- "to succeed, accomplish," Gk. arithmos "number amount," O.C.S. raditi "to take thought, attend to," O.Ir. im-radim "to deliberate, consider"). Connected to RIDDLE (Cf. riddle) via notion of "interpret."
Words from this root in most modern Germanic languages still mean "counsel, advise." Transference to "understand the meaning of written symbols" is unique to Old English and (perhaps under English influence) Old Norse raða. Most languages use a word rooted in the idea of "gather up" as their word for "read" (Cf. Fr. lire, from L. legere). Sense of "make out the character of (a person)" is attested from 1610s. The noun meaning "an act of reading" is recorded from 1825. Read up "study" is from 1842; read-only in computer jargon is recorded from 1961.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • read — (rēd) v. read (rĕd), read·ing, reads v. tr. 1. To examine and grasp the meaning of (written or printed characters, words, or sentences). 2. To utter or render aloud (written or printed material): »read poems to the students …   Word Histories

  • Read — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alex Read (* 1991), australischer Fußballspieler David Breakenridge Read (1823–1904), kanadischer Politiker Dolly Read (* 1944), britische Schauspielerin und Playmate Gardner Read (1913–2005), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Read — (r[=e]d), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Read} (r[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reading}.] [OE. reden, r[ae]den, AS. r[=ae]dan to read, advise, counsel, fr. r[=ae]d advice, counsel, r[=ae]dan (imperf. reord) to advise, counsel, guess; akin to D. raden to advise …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Read — (r[=e]d), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Read} (r[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Reading}.] [OE. reden, r[ae]den, AS. r[=ae]dan to read, advise, counsel, fr. r[=ae]d advice, counsel, r[=ae]dan (imperf. reord) to advise, counsel, guess; akin to D. raden to advise …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • read — read1 [rēd] vt. read [red] reading [rēd′iŋ] [ME reden, to explain, hence to read < OE rædan, to counsel, interpret; akin to Ger raten, to counsel, advise < IE * rē dh, *rə dh < base * ar , *(a)rē , to join, fit > ART3, ARM1, L reri,… …   English World dictionary

  • read — ► VERB (past and past part. read) 1) look at and understand the meaning of (written or printed matter) by interpreting its characters or symbols. 2) speak (written or printed words) aloud. 3) (of a passage, text, or sign) contain or consist of… …   English terms dictionary

  • read — adjective having a specified level of knowledge as a result of reading: → read read verb (past and past participle read) 1》 look at and understand the meaning of (written or printed matter) by interpreting the characters or symbols of which it is …   English new terms dictionary

  • Read — Read, v. i. 1. To give advice or counsel. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. To tell; to declare. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 3. To perform the act of reading; to peruse, or to go over and utter aloud, the words of a book or other like document. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Read.ru — Интернет магазин Read.ru URL: www.read.ru Коммерческий: да Тип сайта: Интернет магазин Регистрация …   Википедия

  • Read — may refer to: *Read (unix) *Read (surname), people with this surname *Read, Lancashire, town in England *Read (magazine), children s magazine *Read, term relating to Passing in gender identity ee also*Reading (disambiguation) *Reed… …   Wikipedia

  • Read — Read, n. [AS. r[=ae]d counsel, fr. r[=ae]dan to counsel. See {Read}, v. t.] 1. Saying; sentence; maxim; hence, word; advice; counsel. See {Rede}. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. [{Read}, v.] Reading. [Colloq.] Hume. [1913 Webster] One newswoman here… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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