press

{{11}}press (n.) c.1300, "crowd, multitude," from O.Fr. presse (11c.), from L. pressare (see PRESS (Cf. press) (v.1)). Meaning "device for squeezing" (cloth, grapes, olives, etc.) is recorded from late 14c., from M.Fr. presse. Specific sense "machine for printing" is from 1530s; extended to publishing houses by 1570s and to publishing generally (in phrases like freedom of the press) c.1680. This gradually shifted c.1800-1820 to "periodical publishing, journalism." Meaning "journalists collectively" is attested from 1926 (though superseded by media since the rise of television, etc.).
Press agent is from 1883; press conference is attested from 1937, though the thing itself dates to at least World War I. Press secretary is recorded from 1959. Via the sense "crowd, throng," M.E. in press meant "in public," a coincidental parallel to the modern phrase in the press. Basketball defense so called from 1961.
{{12}}press (v.1) "push against," early 14c., from O.Fr. preser (13c.), from L. pressare "to press," frequentative of pressus, p.p. of premere "to press, hold fast, cover, crowd, compress," from PIE *prem-/*pres- "to strike." Figurative sense from late 14c. Meaning "gather in a crowd" is from mid-14c., as is that of "proceed." Meanings "to assault, attack; to constrain, compel" are late 14c. Weight-lifting sense is attested from 1908. Related: Pressed; PRESSING (Cf. pressing).
{{12}}press (v.2) "force into service," 1570s, alteration (by association with PRESS (Cf. press) (v.1)) of prest (mid-14c.) "engage by loan, pay in advance," especially money paid to a soldier or sailor on enlisting, from L. praestare "to provide," from prae- "before" + stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see STET (Cf. stet)). Related to praesto (adv.) "ready, available." Related: Pressed; pressing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Press — may refer to:In publishing: * The press, otherwise known as the journalism business, the newspaper business, the news media, the Fourth Estate or the mass media * A press, publishing house or printer (publisher) * Printing press, a machine that… …   Wikipedia

  • Press — Press, n. [F. presse. See 4th {Press}.] 1. An apparatus or machine by which any substance or body is pressed, squeezed, stamped, or shaped, or by which an impression of a body is taken; sometimes, the place or building containing a press or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Press TV — Страна Иран Зона вещания …   Википедия

  • Press — Press, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pressed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Pressing}.] [F. presser, fr. L. pressare to press, fr. premere, pressum, to press. Cf. {Print}, v.] 1. To urge, or act upon, with force, as weight; to act upon by pushing or thrusting, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Press — bezeichnet: kurz das sächsischen Eisenbahnverkehrsunternehmen Eisenbahn Bau und Betriebsgesellschaft Pressnitztalbahn als englisches Wort für Presse oft einen Namensteil von Nachrichtenagenturen und Verlagen Press (Zeitung), eine serbische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • press — Ⅰ. press [1] ► VERB 1) move into a position of contact with something by exerting continuous physical force. 2) exert continuous physical force on (something), especially to operate a device. 3) apply pressure to (something) to flatten or shape… …   English terms dictionary

  • press — press[b] (II)[/b] (izg. prȅs) prid. <indekl.> DEFINICIJA uz imenicu SINTAGMA press agencija specijalizirana novinska služba koja prenosi vijesti korisnicima (novinske i RTV kuće i sl.) i distribuira ih; press bilten kratka tiskana izvješća… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • press# — press n throng, crush, *crowd, mob, rout, horde Analogous words: *multitude, army, host, legion press vb Press, bear, bear down, squeeze, crowd, jam mean to exert pressure upon something or someone continuously or for a length of time. They are… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Press — Press, n. [For prest, confused with press.] A commission to force men into public service, particularly into the navy. [1913 Webster] I have misused the king s press. Shak. [1913 Webster] {Press gang}, or {Pressgang}, a detachment of seamen under …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • press — press1 [pres] vt. [ME pressen < MFr presser < L pressare, freq. of premere, to press < IE base * per , to strike > OSlav p rati, to strike] 1. to act on with steady force or weight; push steadily against; squeeze 2. to depress or… …   English World dictionary

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