port

{{11}}port (1) "harbor," O.E. port "harbor, haven," reinforced by O.Fr. port, both O.E. and O.Fr. from L. portus "port, harbor," originally "entrance, passage," from PIE *prtu- "a going, a passage," from root *per- "to lead, pass over" (Cf. Skt. parayati "carries over;" Gk. poros "journey, passage, way," peirein "to pierce, run through;" L. porta "gate, door," portare "passage," peritus "experienced;" Avestan peretush "passage, ford, bridge;" Armenian hordan "go forward;" Welsh rhyd "ford;" O.C.S. pariti "fly;" O.E. faran "to go, journey," O.N. fjörðr "inlet, estuary").
Meaning "left side of a ship" is attested from 1540s, from notion of "the side facing the harbor" (when a ship is docked). It replaced LARBOARD (Cf. larboard) in common usage to avoid confusion with STARBOARD (Cf. starboard); officially so by Admiralty order of 1844 and U.S. Navy Department notice of 1846. Figurative sense "place of refuge" is attested from early 15c.; phrase any port in a storm first recorded 1749.
{{12}}port (2) "gateway," O.E., from O.Fr. porte "gate, entrance," from L. porta "gate, door," from PIE root *per- (see PORT (Cf. port) (1)). Specific meaning "porthole, opening in the side of a ship" is attested from mid-13c.
{{12}}port (3) "bearing, mien," mid-14c., from O.Fr. port, from porter "to carry," from L. portare (see PORT (Cf. port) (1)).
{{13}}port (4) "sweet dark-red wine," 1690s, shortened from Oporto, city in northwest Portugal from which the wine was originally shipped, from O Porto "the port."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • port — Ⅰ. port [1] ► NOUN 1) a town or city with a harbour. 2) a harbour. ● any port in a storm Cf. ↑any port in a storm ● port of call Cf. ↑p …   English terms dictionary

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  • Port — Port, n. [F. porte, L. porta, akin to portus; cf. AS. porte, fr. L. porta. See {Port} a harbor, and cf. {Porte}.] 1. A passageway; an opening or entrance to an inclosed place; a gate; a door; a portal. [Archaic] [1913 Webster] Him I accuse The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • port — [ pɔrt ] noun *** 1. ) count or uncount an area of water where ships stop, including the buildings around it. A harbor is the same thing but smaller and is intended for smaller boats: in port: We ll have to spend 10 days in port for repairs. At… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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