pneumonia


pneumonia
pneumonia c.1600, from Mod.L., from Gk. pneumonia "inflammation of the lungs," from pneumon (gen. pneumonos) "lung," altered from pleumon "lung," lit. "floater," from PIE *pleu- "to flow, to swim" (see PLUVIAL (Cf. pluvial)). Alteration in Greek perhaps by influence of pnein "to breathe."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pneumonia — Pneu*mo ni*a (n[ u]*m[=o] n[i^]*[.a]), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pneymoni a, fr. pney mwn, pl. pney mones the lungs, also, pley mwn, which is perh. the original form. Cf. {Pneumatio}, {Pulmonary}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the lungs. [1913 Webster] Note:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pneumonia — /pneumo nia/ s.f. [dal gr. pneumonía, der. di pnéumōn polmone ], non com. (med.) [infiammazione di uno o di entrambi i polmoni] ▶◀ (non com.) pneumonite, polmonite …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • pneumonia — s. f. [Medicina] Inflamação do parênquima do pulmão produzida por um micróbio específico, o pneumococo.   ‣ Etimologia: grego pneumonía, as …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • pneumonia — ► NOUN ▪ a lung infection in which the air sacs fill with pus. DERIVATIVES pneumonic adjective. ORIGIN from Greek pneum n lung …   English terms dictionary

  • pneumonia — [no͞o mōn′yə, nyo͞omōn′yə; ] occas [., no͞o mō′nē ə, nyo͞omō′nē ə] n. [ModL < Gr < pneumōn, lung: see PNEUMA] inflammation or infection of the alveoli of the lungs of varying degrees of severity and caused by bacteria, viruses, etc.… …   English World dictionary

  • Pneumonia — For other uses, see Pneumonia (disambiguation). Pneumonia Classification and external resources A chest X ray showing a very prominent wedge shaped bacterial pneumonia in the right lung …   Wikipedia

  • pneumonia — /noo mohn yeuh, moh nee euh, nyoo /, n. Pathol. 1. inflammation of the lungs with congestion. 2. Also called lobar pneumonia. an acute disease of the lungs, caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae and characterized by fever, a cough with …   Universalium

  • pneumonia — Inflammation of the lung parenchyma characterized by consolidation of the affected part, the alveolar air spaces being filled with exudate, inflammatory cells, and fibrin. Most cases are due to infection by bacteria or viruses, a few to …   Medical dictionary

  • pneumonia — Synonyms and related words: African lethargy, Asiatic cholera, Asiatic flu, Chagres fever, German measles, Haverhill fever, Hong Kong flu, acute articular rheumatism, acute bronchitis, adenoiditis, ague, alkali disease, aluminosis, amebiasis,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • pneumonia — n. inflammation of the lung caused by bacteria, in which the air sacs (alveoli) become filled with inflammatory cells and the lung becomes solid (see consolidation). The symptoms include those of any infection (fever, malaise, headaches, etc.),… …   The new mediacal dictionary


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