plane

{{11}}plane (n.1) "flat surface," c.1600, from L. plantum "flat surface," properly neuter of adjective planus "flat, level, plain, clear," from PIE *pla-no- (Cf. Lith. plonas "thin;" Celtic *lanon "plain;" perhaps also Gk. pelanos "sacrificial cake, a mixture offered to the gods, offering (of meal, honey, and oil) poured or spread"), suffixed form of root *pele- "to spread out, broad, flat" (Cf. O.C.S. polje "flat land, field," Rus. polyi "open;" O.E., O.H.G. feld, M.Du. veld "field"). Figurative sense is attested from 1850.
{{12}}plane (n.2) 1908, short for aeroplane (see AIRPLANE (Cf. airplane)).
{{12}}plane (n.3) "tool for smoothing surfaces," mid-14c., from O.Fr. plane, earlier plaine (14c.), from L.L. plana, from planare "make level," from L. planus "level, flat" (see PLANE (Cf. plane) (n.1)).
{{13}}plane (n.4) "tree of the genus Platanus," late 14c., from O.Fr. plane, earlier plasne (14c.), from L. platanus, from Gk. platanos, earlier platanistos "plane tree," a species from Asia Minor, associated with platys "broad," in reference to its leaves (see PLACE (Cf. place) (n.)). Applied since 1778 in Scotland and northern England to the sycamore, whose leaves somewhat resemble those of the true plane tree.
{{14}}plane (v.1) "to make smooth," early 14c., from O.Fr. planer (12c.), from L.L. planare "make level," from L. planus "level, flat" (see PLANE (Cf. plane) (n.1)). Related: Planed; planing.
{{15}}plane (v.2) "soar, glide on motionless wings," 1610s, from M.Fr. planer (16c.), from L. planum "flat surface" (see PLANE (Cf. plane) (n.1)), on notion of bird gliding with flattened wings. Of boats, etc., "to skim over the surface of water," it is first found 1913. Related: Planed; planing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • plané — plané …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • plane — [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une surface… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • plané — plane [ plan ] n. f. • XIVe; plaine XIIe; réfect., d apr. le v. planer, de l a. fr. plaine, bas lat. plana ♦ Techn. Outil formé d une lame tranchante et de deux poignées, appelé aussi couteau à deux manches, qui sert à aplanir, à dégrossir une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Plane — Plane, a. [L. planus: cf. F. plan. See {Plan}, a.] Without elevations or depressions; even; level; flat; lying in, or constituting, a plane; as, a plane surface. [1913 Webster] Note: In science, this word (instead of plain) is almost exclusively… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F. plane, L. plana. See {Plane}, v. & a.] 1. (Geom.) A surface, real or imaginary, in which, if any two points are taken, the straight line which joins them lies wholly in that surface; or a surface, any section of which by a like… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • plane — 1. (pla n ) s. m. Nom vulgaire donné à une espèce d érable que les botanistes appellent érable plane, acer platanoides, L. •   Des gazons émaillés l ornaient [une fontaine] tout alentour ; Un plane l ombrageait de son vaste contour, SÉNECÉ… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • plane — UK US /pleɪn/ noun [C] ► an aircraft with wings and one or more engines: a plane for/to/from sth »I ll get the next plane to London. on/in a plane »He s on a plane at the moment, on his way to Chicago. a plane leaves/takes off/lands »The plane… …   Financial and business terms

  • plane — plane1 [plān] n. [ME < MFr plasne < L platanus < Gr platanos < platys, broad (see PLATY ): from its broad leaves] any of a genus (Platanus) of trees of the plane tree family having maplelike leaves, spherical dry fruits, and bark that …   English World dictionary

  • plane — Ⅰ. plane [1] ► NOUN 1) a flat surface on which a straight line joining any two points would wholly lie. 2) a level of existence or thought. ► ADJECTIVE 1) completely level or flat. 2) relating to two dimensional surfaces or magnitudes …   English terms dictionary

  • Plane — Plane, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Planed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Planing}.] [Cf. F. planer, L. planare, fr. planus. See {Plane}, a., {Plain}, a., and cf. {Planish}.] 1. To make smooth; to level; to pare off the inequalities of the surface of, as of a board… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Plane — Plane, n. [F., fr. L. platanus, Gr. ?, fr. ? broad; so called on account of its broad leaves and spreading form. See {Place}, and cf. {Platane}, {Plantain} the tree.] (Bot.) Any tree of the genus {Platanus}. [1913 Webster] Note: The Oriental… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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