pain


pain
{{11}}pain (n.) c.1300, "punishment," especially for a crime; also "condition one feels when hurt, opposite of pleasure," from O.Fr. peine, from L. poena "punishment, penalty" (in L.L. also "torment, hardship, suffering"), from Gk. poine "punishment," from PIE *kwei- "to pay, atone, compensate" (see PENAL (Cf. penal)). The earliest sense in English survives in phrase on pain of death.
Phrase to give (someone) a pain "be annoying and irritating" is from 1908; localized as pain in the neck (1924) and pain in the ass (1934), though this last may be the original, unrecorded sense and the others euphemisms. Pains "great care taken (for some purpose)" is first recorded 1520s (in the singular in this sense, it is attested from c.1300). First record of pain-killer is from 1853.
{{12}}pain (v.) "to inflict pain," c.1300, "to exert or strain oneself, strive; endeavor," from O.Fr. peinir (v.) and from M.E. peine (n.); see PAIN (Cf. pain) (n.). Meaning "cause pain; inflict pain" is from late 14c. That of "to cause sorrow, grief, or unhappiness" also is from late 14c. Related: Pained; paining.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • pain — pain …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • pain — [ pɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1050; pan 980; lat. panis 1 ♦ Aliment fait de farine, d eau, de sel et de levain, pétri, fermenté et cuit au four (le pain, du pain); masse déterminée de cet aliment ayant une forme donnée (un pain). Pâte à pain. Faire du pain.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pain — PAIN. s. m. Aliment ordinaire fait de farine pestrie & cuite. Bon pain. mauvais pain. pain bis. pain blanc, bis blanc. pain noir. pain tendre. pain frais. pain rassis. pain dur. pain salé. pain sans levain. pain de froment. pain de segle. pain d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • pain — Pain, Panis. Pain blanc, Panis primarius, Candidus panis. Pain bourgeois, gros pain, Panis secundarius, siue secundus, Cibarius panis, Panis ciuilis, B. Pain bis dont on n a pas osté beaucoup du son, Pain de la fenestre, Ater panis, Autopyron.… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Pain — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el personaje de anime y manga, véase Pain (Naruto). Pain Información personal …   Wikipedia Español

  • pain — n 1 Pain, ache, pang, throe, twinge, stitch are comparable when they mean a bodily sensation that causes acute discomfort or suffering. Pain may range in its application from a sensation that makes one uneasily aware of some bodily disturbance or …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • pain — (p[=a]n), n. [OE. peine, F. peine, fr. L. poena, penalty, punishment, torment, pain; akin to Gr. poinh penalty. Cf. {Penal}, {Pine} to languish, {Punish}.] 1. Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Pain — Фестиваль Rock The Lake 2007 …   Википедия

  • pain — n 1: punishment 2 a: physical discomfort associated with bodily disorder (as disease or injury) b: acute mental or emotional suffering pain·less adj pain·less·ly adv …   Law dictionary

  • pain — ► NOUN 1) a strongly unpleasant bodily sensation such as is caused by illness or injury. 2) mental suffering or distress. 3) (also pain in the neck or vulgar slang pain in the arse) informal an annoying or tedious person or thing. 4) (pains)… …   English terms dictionary

  • Pain — Pain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Pained} (p[=a]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Paining}.] [OE. peinen, OF. pener, F. peiner to fatigue. See {Pain}, n.] 1. To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish. [Obs.] Wyclif (Acts xxii. 5). [1913 Webster] 2. To put… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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