orange


orange
orange (n.) c.1300, from O.Fr. orenge (12c., Mod.Fr. orange), from M.L. pomum de orenge, from It. arancia, originally narancia (Venetian naranza), alteration of Arabic naranj, from Pers. narang, from Skt. naranga-s "orange tree," of uncertain origin.
Loss of initial n- probably due to confusion with definite article (e.g. une narange, una narancia), but perhaps influenced by Fr. or "gold." The name of the town of Orange in France (see ORANGEMEN (Cf. Orangemen)) perhaps was deformed by the name of the fruit.
The tree's original range probably was northern India. The Persian orange, grown widely in southern Europe after its introduction in Italy 11c., was bitter; sweet oranges were brought to Europe 15c. from India by Portuguese traders and quickly displaced the bitter variety, but only Modern Greek still seems to distinguish the bitter (nerantzi) from the sweet (portokali "Portuguese") orange. Portuguese, Spanish, Arab, and Dutch sailors planted citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy. On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher Columbus brought the seeds of oranges, lemons and citrons to Haiti and the Caribbean. Introduced in Florida (along with lemons) in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. Introduced to Hawaii 1792. Not used as the name of a color until 1540s. Orange juice is attested from 1723.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orange.fr — Orange (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Orange. Logo de Orange (entreprise) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orange SA — Orange (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Orange. Logo de Orange (entreprise) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • orange — [ ɔrɑ̃ʒ ] n. f. • 1515; pomme d orenge v. 1300; a. it. melarancia; de l ar. narandj 1 ♦ Fruit comestible de l oranger (agrume), d un jaune tirant sur le rouge. ⇒ maltaise, navel. Quartier d orange. Écorce, peau, pelure d orange. ⇒ zeste. Orange… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • orangé — orange [ ɔrɑ̃ʒ ] n. f. • 1515; pomme d orenge v. 1300; a. it. melarancia; de l ar. narandj 1 ♦ Fruit comestible de l oranger (agrume), d un jaune tirant sur le rouge. ⇒ maltaise, navel. Quartier d orange. Écorce, peau, pelure d orange. ⇒ zeste.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Orange (UK) — Orange UK Type Brand name Industry Telecommunications Founded 1994 (by Hutchison Telecom) Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Orange — may refer to: Orange (fruit) Orange (colour), occurs between red and yellow in the visible spectrum Orange (word), both a noun and an adjective in the English language Contents 1 History and politics 1.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Orange — bezeichnet: Orange (Frucht) bzw. Apfelsine, Zitrusfrucht Orange (Farbe), Farbe Orte in Frankreich: Orange (Vaucluse) in Australien: Orange (New South Wales) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Orange (Connecticut) Orange (Florida) Orange (Georgia) Orange …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orange 94.0 — Allgemeine Informationen Empfang analog terrestrisch, Kabel, Livestream …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orange — Or ange ([o^]r [e^]nj), n. [F.; cf. It. arancia, arancio, LL. arangia, Sp. naranjia, Pg. laranja; all fr. Ar. n[=a]ranj, Per. n[=a]ranj, n[=a]rang; cf. Skr. n[=a]ranga orange tree. The o in F. orange is due to confusion with or gold, L. aurum,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orange — (naranja en varios idiomas europeos) es el nombre de: Compañías Orange, la filial de telefonía móvil del grupo France Télécom; Orange Dominicana, un operador de telefonía móvil GSM/GPRS propiedad de France Telecom en República Dominicana; Orange… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Orange TV — es el nombre comercial de la televisión digital interactiva que ofrece Orange en España a través de tecnología ADSL y ADSL2+. Utiliza la tecnología IPTV de transmisión de televisión sobre redes IP. Este servicio comenzó sus emisiones en junio de… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.