monk


monk
monk (n.) O.E. munuc "monk" (used also of women), from P.Gmc. *muniko- (Cf. O.Fris. munek, M.Du. monic, O.H.G. munih, Ger. Mönch), an early borrowing from V.L. *monicus (source of Fr. moine, Sp. monje, It. monaco), from L.L. monachus "monk," originally "religious hermit," from Eccles. Gk. monakhos "monk," noun use of a classical Greek adjective meaning "solitary," from monos "alone" (see MONO- (Cf. mono-)). For substitution of -o- for -u-, see COME (Cf. come).
In England, before the Reformation, the term was not applied to the members of the mendicant orders, who were always called friars. From the 16th c. to the 19th c., however, it was usual to speak of the friars as a class of monks. In recent times the distinction between the terms has been carefully observed by well-informed writers. In Fr. and Ger. the equivalent of monk is applied equally to 'monks' and 'friars.' [OED]

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • MONK (T.) — Un colosse a traversé le jazz, indifférent au tumulte des modes, muré dans un mutisme quasi total. Seuls signes de vie active: d’extravagants couvre chefs et une musique inouïe que le silence envahit peu à peu. L’inclassable Monk, aux étranges… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Monk — bezeichnet: eine US amerikanische Krimiserie und deren Protagonisten, siehe Monk (Fernsehserie) das Herrenschuhmodell Monkstrap eine österreichische Band, siehe Monk (Band) ein Hörspiel nach William Faulkner, SFB 1997 mit Christian Brückner,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monk — • A member of a community of men, leading a more or less contemplative life apart from the world, under the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, according to a rule characteristic of the particular order to which he belongs Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Monk — Monk, n. [AS. munuc, munec, munc, L. monachus, Gr. ?, fr. mo nos alone. Cf. {Monachism}.] 1. A man who retires from the ordinary temporal concerns of the world, and devotes himself to religion; one of a religious community of men inhabiting a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • MONK (G.) — MONK ou MONCK GEORGE, 1er duc d’Albermarle (1608 1670) Né dans une famille de la gentry du Devonshire, attiré très jeune par la carrière des armes, combattant des armées royales au début de la première révolution anglaise, Monk devient, à partir… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • MONK — is a Monte Carlo software package for simulating nuclear processes, particularly for the purpose of determining the neutron multiplication factor, or k effective, of a system. It is owned by Serco Assurance. It is used primarily to judge whether… …   Wikipedia

  • monk — [ mʌŋk ] noun count * a man who lives in a religious community away from other people. Monks live in a building called a monastery: a Franciscan/Buddhist monk ╾ monk|ish adjective: a monkish life ─ compare NUN …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Monk [1] — Monk, 1) Georg M., Herzog von Albemarle, geb. 1608 in Potheridge bei Torrington in Devonshire, aus altadeliger Familie. Da er einen Gerichtsdiener, welcher seinen Vater wegen Schulden verhaften wollte, gemißhandelt hatte, mußte er fliehen u. kam… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monk [2] — Monk, eine Art bunter Drosin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monk — Monk, George, s. Monck …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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