mis-


mis-
{{11}}mis- (1) prefix meaning "bad, wrong," from O.E. mis-, from P.Gmc. *missa- "divergent, astray" (Cf. O.Fris., O.S. mis-, M.Du. misse-, O.H.G. missa-, Ger. miß-, O.N. mis-, Goth. missa-), perhaps lit. "in a changed manner," and with a root sense of "difference, change" (Cf. Goth. misso "mutually"), and thus from PIE *mit-to-, from root *mei- "to change" (see MUTABLE (Cf. mutable)); Cf. Watkins. Others [Barnhart] see in P.Gmc. *missa- the stem of an ancient past participle, related to O.E. missan "fail to hit" (see MISS (Cf. miss) (v.)), which is from the same PIE root.
Productive as word-forming element in Old English (e.g. mislæran "to give bad advice, teach amiss"). In 14c.-16c. in a few verbs its sense began to be felt as "unfavorably" and was used as an intensive prefix with verbs already expressing negative feeling (e.g. misdoubt). Practically a separate word in Old and early Middle English (and often written as such). Old English also had an adjective (mislic "diverse, unlike, various") and an adverb (mislice "in various directions, wrongly, astray") derived from it, corresponding to Ger. misslich (adj.).
{{12}}mis- (2) in MISCHIEF (Cf. mischief), MISCREANT (Cf. miscreant), etc., represents O.Fr. mes- "bad, badly, wrong, wrongly," from V.L. minus-, from L. minus "less" (see MINUS (Cf. minus)), which was not used as a prefix. Perhaps influenced in Old French by *miss-, the Frankish equivalent of MIS- (Cf. mis-) (1).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • mis — mis·cel·la·ny; mis·chance; mis·chief; mis·conceit; mis·conduct; mis·content; mis·count; mis·creant; mis·create; mis·cue; mis·deal; mis·de·mean; mis·doubt; mis·er·a·ble; mis·esteem; mis·field; mis·fire; mis·fit; mis·like; mis·luck; mis·match;… …   English syllables

  • MIS AG — is a German vendor of corporate performance management software. It was founded in Darmstadt in 1988. Originally started as a consulting company and reseller of the Applix products, MIS AG developed their own product similar to TM/1. In 1997, MIS …   Wikipedia

  • mis — mis, mise (mî, mi z ) part. passé de mettre. 1°   Colloqué en quelque lieu. Un livre mis dans une bibliothèque.    Fig. •   Les volontés ne sont pas seulement souffertes par sa patience [de Dieu], mais encore mises sous le joug de sa puissance… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • miš — mȉš m <N mn evi/ i reg. knjiš.> DEFINICIJA 1. zool. a. kućni glodavac (Mus musculus) iz porodice miševa b. (mn) Muridae, rasprostranjen mali glodavac šiljaste njuške i duga repa [šumski miš; klȃsni miš više vrsta štakora] c. naziv za… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mis — mis, mise [ mi, miz ] adj. • XVIIe; de mettre ♦ Littér. Habillé, vêtu. « Nénesse, mis comme un garçon de la ville » (Zola). Femme bien, mal mise (⇒ mise) . ⊗ HOM. Mi, mie, mye. ● mis Participe passé de mettre. ⇒MIS, MISE, part. passé et adj. I.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mis- — Mis : ↑ miso , Miso . * * * mis , Mis : ↑miso , ↑Miso . mi|so , Mi|so , (vor Vokalen): mis , Mis [griech. mĩsos] >Best. in Zus. mit der Bed.<: Feindschaft, Hass, Verachtung (z. B. Misogyn, misanthropisch) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mis- — Mis : ↑ miso , Miso . * * * mis , Mis : ↑miso , ↑Miso . mi|so , Mi|so , (vor Vokalen): mis , Mis [griech. mĩsos] >Best. in Zus. mit der Bed.<: Feindschaft, Hass, Verachtung (z. B. Misogyn, misanthropisch) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • mis- — 1 [mis] [ME < OE & OFr: OE mis , akin to OHG missa , Goth missa (for IE base see MISS1); OFr mes < Frank * missi , akin to OHG missa ] prefix 1. wrong, wrongly, bad, badly [misdo, misdemeanor] 2. no, not [misfire] mis 2 [mis] …   English World dictionary

  • Mis- — (m[i^]s ). [In words of Teutonic origin, fr. AS. mis ; akin to D. mis , G. miss , OHG. missa , missi , Icel. & Dan. mis , Sw. miss , Goth. missa ; orig., a p. p. from the root of G. meiden to shun, OHG. m[=i]dan, AS. m[=i][eth]an ([root]100. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mis- — mis(o) ♦ Élément, du gr. misein « haïr ». mis(o) élément, du gr. misein, haïr . ⇒MIS(O) , (MIS , MISO )élém. formant Élém. tiré du gr. (o) , de «haïr, détester», «haine», entrant da …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mis- — 1 a prefix applied to various parts of speech, meaning ill, mistaken, wrong, wrongly, incorrectly, or simply negating: mistrial; misprint; mistrust. [ME; OE mis(se) ; c. G miss , Goth missa (see MISS1;); often r. ME mes < OF < WGmc *mis(s) ] mis… …   Universalium


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