long

{{11}}long (adj.) "that extends considerably from end to end," O.E. lang "long," from P.Gmc. *langgaz (Cf. O.Fris., O.S. lang, O.H.G., Ger. lang, O.N. langr, M.Du. lanc, Du. lang, Goth. laggs "long"), perhaps from PIE *dlonghos- (Cf. L. longus, O.Pers. darga-, Pers. dirang, Skt. dirghah, Gk. dolikhos "long," Gk. endelekhes "perpetual," L. indulgere "to indulge"), from root *del- "long." The adverb is from O.E. lange, longe, from the adjective; to be not long for this world "soon to die" is from 1714. The word illustrates the O.E. tendency for short "a" to become short "o" before -n- (also retained in bond/band and W. Midlands dialectal lond from land and hond from hand).
Long vowels (c.1000) originally were pronounced for an extended time. Sporting long ball is from 1744, originally in cricket. Long jump as a sporting event is attested from 1864. No longer “not as formerly” is from c.1300. A ship's long-boat so called from 1510s. Long knives, name N.Amer. Indians gave to white settlers (originally in Virginia/Kentucky) is from 1774. Long in the tooth (1841 of persons) is from horses showing age by recession of gums. Long time no see, imitative of Amer.Indian speech, is first recorded 1900. To be long on something, "have a lot" of it, is from 1900, Amer.Eng. slang.
{{12}}long (v.) O.E. langian "to yearn after, grieve for," lit. "to grow long, lengthen," from P.Gmc. *langojanan (see LONG (Cf. long) (adj.)). Cognate with O.N. langa, O.S. langon, M.Du. langhen, O.H.G. langen "to long," Ger. verlangen "to desire." Related: Longed; LONGING (Cf. longing).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • long — long …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • long — long, longue [ lɔ̃, lɔ̃g ] adj., n. m. et adv. • Xe temporel; lat. longus I ♦ Adj. A ♦ (1080 lonc) dans l espace 1 ♦ (Av. le nom) Qui a une étendue supérieure à la moyenne dans le sens de la longueur. ⇒ grand. Une longue tige. Un long fil. De… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • long — long, ongue (lon ; lon gh ; le g devant une consonne ne se prononce pas : un lon chemin ; devant une voyelle ou une h muette il se lie et se prononce comme un k ; un lon k espoir ; au pluriel, l s se lie : les lon z espoirs) adj. 1°   Qui s étend …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • long — LONG, Longue. adj. Il se dit d un corps consideré seulement dans l extension qu il a d un bout à l autre. Un champ long & estroit. ce jardin est long, plus long que large. un baston long de tant de pieds. ce chemin est bien long. le cours du… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Long — Long, a. [Compar. {Longer}; superl. {Longest}.] [AS. long, lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. l[*a]ng, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. [root]125. Cf. {Length}, {Ling} a fish, {Linger}, {Lunge}, {Purloin}.] 1. Drawn out… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lóng — Long Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • long — long1 [lôŋ] adj. [ME < OE, akin to Ger lang < Gmc * lango > ON langr, Goth laggs: ? akin to L longus] 1. measuring much from end to end in space or from beginning to end in time; not short or brief 2. measured from end to end rather than …   English World dictionary

  • Long — Long, Long, Long Long, Long, Long Песня The Beatles с альбома «The Beatles» Выпущена 22 ноября 1968 года …   Википедия

  • long — Ⅰ. long [1] ► ADJECTIVE (longer, longest) 1) of a great distance or duration. 2) relatively great in extent. 3) having a specified length, distance, or duration. 4) (of a ball in sport) travelling a great distance, or further than expected …   English terms dictionary

  • long — Long, Longus, Oblongus, Productus. Long temps devant, Multo ante. Long temps apres, Multo post. Il s est teu long temps, Multum tacuit. Fort long, Perlongus, Praelongus. Fort long et haut, Procerus. Long d un pied et demy, Longum sesquipede,… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Long — steht für: Long (Familienname), der Familienname Long den Kreis Long in Baoji in der chinesischen Provinz Shaanxi, siehe Long (Baoji) Long (Mythologie), eine Drachenfigur in der chinesischen Mythologie Long und Short, eine Käufer Position in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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