limb

{{11}}limb (n.1) "part or member," O.E. lim "limb, joint, main branch of a tree," from P.Gmc. *limu- (Cf. O.N. limr "limb," lim "small branch of a tree"), a variant of *liþu- (Cf. O.E. liþ, O.Fris. lith, O.N. liðr, Goth. liþus "a limb;" and with prefix ga-, source of Ger. Glied "limb, member"), from PIE root *lei- "to bend, be movable, be nimble." The parasitic -b began to appear late 1500s for no etymological reason (perhaps by influence of limb (n.2)). In Old and Middle English, and until lately in dialects, it could mean "any visible body part."
The lymmes of generacion were shewed manyfestly. [Caxton, "The subtyl historyes and fables of Esope, Auyan, Alfonce, and Poge," 1484]
Hence, limb-lifter "fornicator" (1570s). To go out on a limb in figurative sense "enter a risky situation" is from 1897. Life and limb in reference to the body inclusively is from c.1200.
{{12}}limb (n.2) late 14c., "edge of a quadrant or other instrument," from L. limbus "border, hem, fringe, edge," of uncertain origin. Klein suggests cognate with Skt. lambate "hangs down," and English LIMP (Cf. limp). But Tucker writes that "the sense appears to be that of something which twists, goes round, or binds ... not of something which hangs loose," and suggests cognates in Lith. linta "ribbon," O.N. linnr "whether." Astronomical sense of "edge of the disk of a heavenly body" first attested 1670s.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • limb — LIMB, limburi, s.n. 1. Partea lată (şi verde) a frunzei, legată de ramură (sau de tulpină) prin codiţă. 2. Marginea gradată a scării unui instrument topografic de măsură. 3. Navă folosită la limbare. – Din fr. limbe, germ. Limbus. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • limb — [lım] n [: Old English; Origin: lim] 1.) out on a limb alone and without help or support ▪ All the other countries signed the agreement, leaving Britain out on a limb. ▪ He d gone out on a limb (=taken a risk) to help us. 2.) an arm or leg 3.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Limb — (l[i^]m), n. [OE. lim, AS. lim; akin to Icel. limr limb, lim branch of a tree, Sw. & Dan. lem limb; cf. also AS. li[eth], OHG. lid, gilid, G. glied, Goth. li[thorn]us. Cf. {Lith}, {Limber}.] 1. A part of a tree which extends from the trunk and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Limb — can have many meanings. ten thousand to be precise.*from the Old English lim : **Limb (anatomy), a limb is a jointed or prehensile appendage of the human or animal body **a large or main branch of a tree. **In social structure, a representative,… …   Wikipedia

  • limb — [ lım ] noun count ** 1. ) an arm or a leg: She rested her tired, aching limbs. an artificial limb 2. ) a large branch on a tree 3. ) a part of something that sticks out out on a limb in a position where you have no support from other people… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • limb — ► NOUN 1) an arm, leg, or wing. 2) a large branch of a tree. 3) a projecting part of a structure, object, or natural feature. ● life and limb Cf. ↑life and limb ● out on a limb Cf. ↑ …   English terms dictionary

  • limb — limb1 [lim] n. [with unhistoric b < ME lim < OE, akin to ON limr, limb < IE base * (e)lei , to bend > EL(BOW)] 1. a part that extends from the trunk of a body, as an arm, leg, or wing 2. a large branch of a tree 3. any projecting part …   English World dictionary

  • Limb — Limb, v. t. 1. To supply with limbs. [R.] Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To dismember; to tear off the limbs of. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Limb — Limb, n. [L. limbus border. Cf. {Limbo}, {Limbus}.] A border or edge, in certain special uses. (a) (Bot.) The border or upper spreading part of a monopetalous corolla, or of a petal, or sepal; blade. (b) (Astron.) The border or edge of the disk… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • LIMB US — (лат.), кайма, край. Этим термином в анатомии пользуются для обозначения 1) свободного снабженного ячейками края для корней зубов зубного отростка верхней и нижней челюстей (pars, s. proces sus alveolaris maxillae et mandibulae) limbus… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • limb — lȉmb m <N mn ovi> DEFINICIJA 1. rel. prekogrobno boravište starozavjetnih pravednika i umrle nekrštene djece 2. tehn. rub s ucrtanom stupanjskom skalom, sprava za mjerenje kutova 3. astron. obod nebeskih tijela ETIMOLOGIJA lat. limbus:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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