lean

{{11}}lean (adj.) "thin, spare, with little flesh or fat," c.1200, from O.E. hlæne "lean, thin," possibly from hlænan "cause to lean or bend," from P.Gmc. *khlainijan, which would connect it to O.E. hleonian (see LEAN (Cf. lean) (v.)). But perhaps rather, according to OED, from a PIE *qloinio- (Cf. Lith. klynas "scrap, fragment," Lettish kleins "feeble"). Extended and figurative senses from early 14c. The noun meaning "lean animals or persons" is from c.1200, from the adjective.
{{12}}lean (n.) "action or state of leaning," 1776, from LEAN (Cf. lean) (v.).
{{12}}lean (v.) c.1200, from O.E. hleonian "to bend, recline, lie down, rest," from P.Gmc. *khlinen (Cf. O.S. hlinon, O.Fris. lena, M.Du. lenen, Du. leunen, O.H.G. hlinen, Ger. lehnen "to lean"), from PIE root *klei- "to lean, to incline" (Cf. Skt. srayati "leans," sritah "leaning;" O.Pers. cay "to lean;" Lith. slyti "to slope," slieti "to lean;" L. clinare "to lean, bend," clivus "declivity," inclinare "cause to bend," declinare "bend down, turn aside;" Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" O.Ir. cloin "crooked, wrong;" M.Ir. cle, Welsh cledd "left," lit. "slanting;" Welsh go-gledd "north," lit. "left" -- for similar sense evolution, see YEMEN (Cf. Yemen), BENJAMIN (Cf. Benjamin), SOUTHPAW (Cf. southpaw)).
Meaning "to incline the body against something for support" is mid-13c. Figurative sense of "to trust for support" is from early 13c. Sense of "to lean toward mentally, to favor" is from late 14c. Related: Leaned; leaning. Colloquial lean on "put pressure on" (someone) is first recorded 1960.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • lean — [liːn] adjective 1. COMMERCE using the most effective methods and the fewest employees possible: • In the struggle to turn the company into a lean commercial outfit, some lines have been discontinued altogether. 2. MANUFACTURING lean… …   Financial and business terms

  • Lean — (l[=e]n), a. [Compar. {Leaner} (l[=e]n [ e]r); superl. {Leanest}.] [OE. lene, AS. hl[=ae]ne; prob. akin to E. lean to incline. See {Lean}, v. i. ] 1. Wanting flesh; destitute of or deficient in fat; slim; not plump; slender; meager; thin; lank;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lean — lean1 [lēn] vi. leaned or Chiefly Brit. leant, leaning [ME lenen < OE hlinian, to lean, hlænan, to cause to lean, akin to Ger lehnen < IE base * k̑lei , to incline, lean > Gr klinein, L clinare] 1. to bend or deviate from an upright… …   English World dictionary

  • lean — lean; lean·er; lean·ing; lean·ness; or·lean; or·lean·ist; ce·ru·lean; ar·is·to·te·lean; mephis·tophe·lean; …   English syllables

  • lean — Ⅰ. lean [1] ► VERB (past and past part. leaned or chiefly Brit. leant) 1) be in or move into a sloping position. 2) (lean against/on) incline from the perpendicular and rest against. 3) (lean on) rely on for sup …   English terms dictionary

  • Lean — or LEAN may refer to:* Lean, also called purple drank sizzurp, or syrup, a recreational drug based on cough syrup * Lean Laboratory, one which is focused on testing products and materials to deliver results in the most efficient way * Lean… …   Wikipedia

  • Lean — puede referirse a: Personas David Lean, director de cine británico. Sistemas de gestión Lean manufacturing, filosofía de gestión enfocada a la reducción de los desperdicios en el proceso productivo. Lean software development La metodología de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • lean — vb *slant, slope, incline Analogous words: bend, *curve: *turn, deflect, divert, sheer lean adj Lean, spare, lank, lanky, gaunt, rawboned, angular, scrawny, skinny mean thin because of absence of super fluous flesh. Lean stresses the lack of fat… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Lean — ist: die Kurzbezeichnung für Lean Management (engl. für Schlankes Management) der Name einer Anti Gravitations Illusion von Michael Jackson, siehe Lean (Tanzpose) der Nachname von David Lean (1908–1991), britischer Filmregisseur Siehe auch: Lean… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lean On Me — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Lean on Me est une chanson de Bill Withers enregistrée en 1972. Lean on Me est une chanson de Limp Bizkit enregistrée en 1995. Lean on Me est un film… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LEAN (D.) — David LEAN 1908 1991 Né le 25 mars 1908, à Crayton, en Angleterre, dans une modeste famille de quakers, David Lean entre dans la carrière cinématographique à dix huit ans, en 1926. Il travaille comme clapman, assistant réalisateur, assistant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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