jail

jail
{{11}}jail (n.) late 13c., gayhol, from O.N.Fr. gaiole and O.Fr. jaole, both meaning "a cage, prison," from M.L. gabiola, from L.L. caveola, dim. of L. cavea "cage, enclosure, stall, coop" (see CAVE (Cf. cave) (n.)). Both forms carried into M.E.; now pronounced "jail" however it is spelled. Persistence of Norman-derived gaol (preferred in Britain) is "chiefly due to statutory and official tradition" [OED].
{{12}}jail (v.) "to put in jail," c.1600, from JAIL (Cf. jail) (n.). Related: Jailed; jailing.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • Jail — Jail, or gaol (especially in Canada, Australia and NZ [http://www.corrections.govt.nz/policy and legislation/policy and procedures manual/section d/d05/d05.html] ), [In British official use theforms with G are still current; in literary and… …   Wikipedia

  • Jail — (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jail — / jāl/ n: a place of confinement for persons held in lawful custody; specif: such a place under the jurisdiction of a local government (as a county) for the confinement of persons awaiting trial or those convicted of minor crimes compare house of …   Law dictionary

  • Jail — («тюрьма») механизм отделения процессов в операционных системах Unix. Jail позволяет разделить выполнение различных процессов. Например, вы можете держать любой сервис (apache, sshd, и т.д.) в jail и не бояться, что потеряете всю систему целиком… …   Википедия

  • Jail — Jail, v. t. To imprison. [R.] T. Adams (1614). [1913 Webster] [Bolts] that jail you from free life. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jail|or — jail|er or jail|or «JAY luhr», noun. 1. the keeper of a jail. 2. a person who keeps someone or something confined. Also, British, gaoler …   Useful english dictionary

  • jail|er — or jail|or «JAY luhr», noun. 1. the keeper of a jail. 2. a person who keeps someone or something confined. Also, British, gaoler …   Useful english dictionary

  • jail — [n] place for incarceration bastille, black hole*, brig, bullpen*, can*, cell, clink*, cooler*, detention camp, dungeon, house of correction, inside*, jailhouse, joint*, lockup, pen, penal institution, penitentiary, pound, prison, rack*,… …   New thesaurus

  • jail — (Brit. also gaol) ► NOUN ▪ a place for the confinement of people accused or convicted of a crime. ► VERB ▪ put in jail. DERIVATIVES jailer (also gaoler) noun. ORIGIN the word came into England from two Old French words, jaiole and gayole (the… …   English terms dictionary

  • jail — [jāl] n. [ME jaile, gaile < OFr jaole, gaole, a cage, prison < LL caveola, dim. of L cavea,CAGE] 1. a building for the confinement of people who are awaiting trial or who have been convicted of minor offenses 2. imprisonment vt. to put or… …   English World dictionary

  • jail — vb incarcerate, imprison, immure, intern Analogous words: confine, circumscribe, restrict, *limit: shackle, manacle, fetter (see HAMPER) Contrasted words: release, liberate, *free …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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