iron

{{11}}iron (n.) O.E. isærn (with M.E. rhotacism of -s-) "the metal iron; an iron weapon," from P.Gmc. *isarnan (Cf. O.S. isarn, O.N. isarn, M.Du. iser, O.H.G. isarn, Ger. Eisen) "holy metal" or "strong metal" (in contrast to softer bronze) probably an early borrowing of Celt. *isarnon (Cf. O.Ir. iarn, Welsh haiarn), from PIE *is-(e)ro- "powerful, holy," from PIE *eis "strong" (Cf. Skt. isirah "vigorous, strong," Gk. ieros "strong").
Right so as whil that Iren is hoot men sholden smyte. [Chaucer, c.1386]
Chemical symbol Fe is from the Latin word for the metal, ferrum (see ferro-). Meaning "metal device used to press or smooth clothes" is from 1610s. The adjective is O.E. iren, isern. To have (too) many irons in the fire "to be doing too much at once" is from 1540s. Iron lung "artificial respiration tank" is from 1932.
{{12}}iron (v.) c.1400, irenen, "to make of iron," from IRON (Cf. iron) (n.). Meaning "press clothes" (with a heated flat-iron) is recorded from 1670s. Related: Ironed; IRONING (Cf. ironing).

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • iron(II) — iron(II) …   English syllables

  • Iron — I ron ([imac] [u^]rn), a. [AS. [=i]ren, [=i]sen. See {Iron}, n.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar, dust. [1913 Webster] 2. Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness. [1913 Webster] 3. Like iron in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Iron — I ron ([imac] [u^]rn), n. [OE. iren, AS. [=i]ren, [=i]sen, [=i]sern; akin to D. ijzer, OS. [=i]sarn, OHG. [=i]sarn, [=i]san, G. eisen, Icel. [=i]sarn, j[=a]rn, Sw. & Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn, Armor. houarn.] [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • iron — [ī′ərn] n. [ME iren < OE (chiefly poetic & prob. dissimilated), var. of isern, isen akin to Goth eisarn) < Gmc * īsarna, akin to early Celt * isarno, prob. via Illyrian * eisarno < IE base * eis , to move vigorously; strong, holy (>… …   English World dictionary

  • Iron — bezeichnet eine Gemeinde im französischen Département Aisne, siehe: Iron (Aisne) einen Fluss in Frankreich, Nebenfluss des Noirrieu, siehe: Iron (Fluss) ein Album der finnischen Band Ensiferum, siehe: Iron (Album) SRWare Iron, einen Webbrowser… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IRON —    Iron ore deposits occur in Anatolia and northwest Iran. The metalwas probably first worked as a by product of coppersmelting, and rare small iron objects have been found in Mesopotamian graves since the fourth millennium B.C. Iron was worked… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • iron — ► NOUN 1) a strong, hard magnetic silvery grey metal, used in construction and manufacturing. 2) a tool or implement made of iron. 3) a hand held implement with a flat heated steel base, used to smooth clothes and linen. 4) a golf club used for… …   English terms dictionary

  • Iron — I ron, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Ironed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Ironing}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; sometimes used with out. [1913 Webster] 2. To shackle with irons; to …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Iron-on — Iron ons are images that can be imprinted on fabric. They are frequently used to print onto T shirts.On one side is paper, and on the other is the image that will be transferred in reverse. After placing it on the fabric and either running over… …   Wikipedia

  • iron-on — (adj.) 1959, from IRON (Cf. iron) (v.) + ON (Cf. on) …   Etymology dictionary

  • iron — [adj] hard, tough; inflexible adamant, adamantine, cruel, dense, ferric, ferrous, firm, heavy, immovable, implacable, indomitable, inexorable, insensible, obdurate, relentless, rigid, robust, steel, steely, strong, stubborn, thick, unbending,… …   New thesaurus

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