idiom

idiom (n.) 1580s, "form of speech peculiar to a people or place," from M.Fr. idiome (16c.) and directly from L.L. idioma "a peculiarity in language," from Gk. idioma "peculiarity, peculiar phraseology," from idioumai "to appropriate to oneself," from idios "personal, private," properly "particular to oneself," from PIE *swed-yo-, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, " (we our-)selves" (Cf. Skt. svah, Avestan hva-, O.Pers. huva "one's own," khva-data "lord," lit. "created from oneself;" Gk. hos "he, she, it;" L. suescere "to accustom, get accustomed," sodalis "companion;" O.C.S. svoji "his, her, its," svojaku "relative, kinsman;" Goth. swes "one's own;" O.N. sik "oneself;" Ger. Sein; O.Ir. fein "self, himself"). Meaning "phrase or expression peculiar to a language" is from 1620s.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
(sanctioned by use in any language) / (of a language), /


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Idiom — Id i*om ([i^]d [i^]*[u^]m), n. [F. idiome, L. idioma, fr. Gr. idi wma, fr. idioy^n to make a person s own, to make proper or peculiar; fr. i dios one s own, proper, peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun o y^, o i^, e , and to eo s, o s,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idiom — IDIÓM, idiomuri, s.n. Termen general care denumeşte o unitate lingvistică (limbă, dialect sau grai). [pr.: di om] – Din fr. idiome. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  IDIÓM s. v. dialect, grai, limbă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa …   Dicționar Român

  • Idiom — Sn Spracheigentümlichkeit, Phrase per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Über ml. idiōma entlehnt aus gr. idíōma Eigentümlichkeit , besonders sprachliche Eigentümlichkeit (Sprachausprägung oder Phrase); dieses zu gr. ídios eigen, selbst . In …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • idiom — idìōm m <G idióma> DEFINICIJA 1. lingv. a. svaki od entiteta jezika koji se ne želi označiti ni kao jezik, ni kao dijalekt, ni kao govor b. poseban i prepoznatljiv govor nekog kraja ili pojedinog govornika c. riječ ili izraz svojstven nekom …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • idiom — [id′ē əm] n. [< Fr & LL: Fr idiome < LL idioma < Gr idiōma, peculiarity, idiom < idios: see IDIO ] 1. the language or dialect of a people, region, class, etc. 2. the usual way in which the words of a particular language are joined… …   English World dictionary

  • idiom — in the context of language has two principal meanings: (1) the manner of expression that characterizes a language, and (2) a group of words that has a meaning not deducible from the individual words. The first can therefore be seen as the sum… …   Modern English usage

  • idiom — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż, D. u, Mc. idiommie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} wyrażenie lub zwrot językowy, którego nie należy rozumieć dosłownie, ponieważ jego znaczenie nie wynika ze znaczeń poszczególnych… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Idiom — (v. gr.), 1) Eigenthümlichkeit, bes. einer Sprache; 2) bestimmte Art des Ausdruckes; wozu auch die besondere Aussprache u. Ton, die Wörter u. ihre Bedeutung, die Wortfügung u. die ganze Verbindung der Rede gehören, z.B. I. der gebildeten Stände;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Idiōm — (griech.), »Eigentümlichkeit«, besonders einer Sprache oder einer Mundart, daher überhaupt soviel wie Sprache oder Mundart …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Idiom — Idiōm (grch., d.i. Eigentümlichkeit), eigentümliche Sprechweise, Mundart, Dialekt; Idiomăta, die Wesenseigentümlichkeiten der beiden Naturen Christi; idiomātisch, das I. betreffend, dazu gehörig …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Idiom — Idiom, Eigenthümlichkeit, charakteristische Besonderheit in der Aussprache: Mundart. B–l …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.