Irish
Irish c.1200, Irisce, from stem of O.E. Iras "inhabitant of Ireland," from O.N. irar, ultimately from O.Ir. Eriu (acc. Eirinn, Erinn) "Erin," which is from O.Celt. *Iveriu (acc. *Iverionem, ablative *Iverione), perhaps from PIE *pi-wer- "fertile," lit. "fat," from root *peie- "to be fat, swell" (see FAT (Cf. fat) (adj.)). Meaning "temper, passion" is 1834, Amer.Eng. (first attested in writings of Davy Crockett), from the legendary pugnacity of Irish people. Irish-American is from 1832; Irish coffee is from 1950. Wild Irish (late 14c.) originally were those not under English rule; Black Irish in reference to those of Mediterranean appearance is from 1888.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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