hill


hill
hill O.E. hyll "hill," from P.Gmc. *hulni- (Cf. M.Du. hille, Low Ger. hull "hill," O.N. hallr "stone," Goth. hallus "rock," O.N. holmr "islet in a bay," O.E. holm "rising land, island"), from PIE root *kel- "to rise, be elevated, be prominent" (Cf. Skt. kutam "top, skull;" L. collis "hill," columna "projecting object," culmen "top, summit," cellere "raise," celsus "high;" Gk. kolonos "hill," kolophon "summit;" Lith. kalnas "mountain," kalnelis "hill," kelti "raise"). Formerly including mountains, now usually confined to heights under 2,000 feet.
In Great Britain heights under 2,000 feet are generally called hills; 'mountain' being confined to the greater elevations of the Lake District, of North Wales, and of the Scottish Highlands; but, in India, ranges of 5,000 and even 10,000 feet are commonly called 'hills,' in contrast with the Himalaya Mountains, many peaks of which rise beyond 20,000 feet. [OED]
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The term mountain is very loosely used. It commonly means any unusual elevation. In New England and central New York, elevations of from one to two thousand feet are called hills, but on the plains of Texas, a hill of a few hundred feet is called a mountain. [Ralph S. Tarr, "Elementary Geology," Macmillan, 1903]
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Despite the differences in defining mountain systems, Penck (1896), Supan (1911) and Obst (1914) agreed that the distinction between hills, mountains, and mountain systems according to areal extent or height is not a suitable classification. ["Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology," 2004]
Phrase over the hill "past one's prime" is first recorded 1950.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
(less than a mountain), , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hill — (engl. für ‚Hügel‘, aber auch mittelhochdeutsch ‚Heimstätte‘) bezeichnet geografische Objekte: Hill (Bach), einen Grenzbach im Hohen Venn Hill (Gloucestershire), Vereinigtes Königreich Hill (Warwickshire), Vereinigtes Königreich Hill (West… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hill — W2S2 [hıl] n [: Old English; Origin: hyll] 1.) an area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller →↑uphill, downhill ↑downhill ▪ Their house is on a hill overlooking the sea. ▪ the top of Sidbury Hill ▪ A cart was …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • HILL (D. O.) — HILL DAVID OCTAVIUS (1802 1870) Peintre de paysages à l’origine, David Octavius Hill est surtout connu pour son œuvre de photographe, qu’il entreprit en collaboration avec le calotypiste Robert Adamson (1821 1848). Originaire de Perth, en Écosse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hill — [ hıl ] noun count *** 1. ) an area of land that is higher than the land surrounding it but smaller and lower than a mountain: a valley surrounded by wooded hills the Pentland Hills an area popular with hill walkers the top/bottom of a hill: They …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Hill — Hill, n. [OE. hil, hul, AS. hyll; akin to OD. hille, hil, L. collis, and prob. to E. haulm, holm, and column. Cf. 2d {Holm}.] 1. A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the common level of the surrounding land; an eminence… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • HILL (G.) — HILL GARY (1951 ) Gary Hill est sans aucun doute l’un des vidéastes les plus importants de sa génération; la quantité autant que la qualité de ses œuvres servies par une inventivité technologique hors pair l’ont vite placé au rang des artistes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • hill — [hil] n. [ME < OE hyll, akin to MDu hille < IE base * kel , to project, rise high > L collis, hill, Gr kolophōn, peak] 1. a natural raised part of the earth s surface, often rounded and smaller than a mountain 2. a small pile, heap, or… …   English World dictionary

  • Hill — Hill, Archibald V. Hill, Rowland * * * (as used in expressions) Bunker Hill, batalla de Shirley Anita St. Hill Hill, David Octavius y Robert Adamson Hill, James J(erome) Hill, Joe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hill 55 — was a hill in Vietnam that was used during the Vietnam war as a base of operations for the United States Marine Corps. It has been described as the most notorious area in ICorps. [ [http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/usmchist/vietnam.txt] 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • HILL (D.) — HILL DAMON (1960 ) Fils de Graham Hill, qui ne lui montra guère d’affection dans son enfance, Damon Hill est un pilote au talent souvent sous estimé. En 1993, il dispute le Championnat du monde de formule 1, sur Williams Renault, dans l’ombre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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