high


high
{{11}}high (adj.) O.E. heh (Anglian), heah (W.Saxon) "of great height, lofty, tall, exalted, high-class," from P.Gmc. *haukhaz (Cf. O.S. hoh, O.N. har, Dan. hèi, Swed. hög, O.Fris. hach, Du. hoog, O.H.G. hoh, Ger. hoch, Goth. hauhs "high;" also Ger. Hügel "hill," O.N. haugr "mound"), perhaps related to Lith. kaukara "hill." Spelling with -gh represents a final guttural sound in the original word, lost since 14c.
Of sound pitch, late 14c. Of roads, "most frequented or important," c.1200. Meaning "euphoric or exhilarated from alcohol" is first attested 1620s, of drugs, 1932. Sense of "proud, haughty, arrogant, supercilious" (c.1200) is reflected in high hand (late 14c.) and HIGH HORSE (Cf. high horse). High seas first attested late 14c., with sense (also found in the Latin cognate) of "deep" as well as "tall" (Cf. O.E. heahflod "deep water," also O.Pers. barЕЎan "height, depth"). Of an evil or a punishment, "grave, serious, severe" (e.g. high treason), c.1200 (O.E. had heahsynn "deadly sin, crime").
High pressure (adj.) is from 1824, of engines, 1891, of weather systems, 1933, of sales pitches. A child's high chair is from 1848. High school "school for advanced studies" attested from late 15c. in Scotland; by 1824 in U.S. High time "fully time, the fullness of time," is from late 14c. High noon is from early 14c.; the sense is "full, total, complete." High and mighty is c.1200 (heh i mahhte). High finance (1905) is that concerned with large sums. High and dry of beached things (especially ships) is from 1783. High-water mark is what is left by a flood or highest tide (1550s); figurative use by 1814.
{{12}}high (n.1) early 14c., "high point, top," from HIGH (Cf. high) (adj.). As "area of high barometric pressure," from 1878. As "highest recorded temperature" from 1926. Meaning "state of euphoria" is from 1953.
{{12}}high (n.2) "thought, understanding," obsolete from 13c. in English and also lost in Modern German, but once an important Germanic word, O.E. hyge, cognate with O.S. hugi, O.H.G. hugi, O.N. hygr, Swed. hôg, Dan. hu.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • High — High, a. [Compar. {Higher}; superl. {Highest}.] [OE. high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. he[ a]h, h?h; akin to OS. h?h, OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. h?h, G. hoch, Icel. h?r, Sw. h[ o]g, Dan. h[ o]i, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound, G. h[ u]gel… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • High — High, adv. In a high manner; in a high place; to a great altitude; to a great degree; largely; in a superior manner; eminently; powerfully. And reasoned high. Milton. I can not reach so high. Shak. [1913 Webster] Note: High is extensively used in …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • high — ► ADJECTIVE 1) of great vertical extent. 2) of a specified height. 3) far above ground or sea level. 4) extending above the normal level. 5) great in amount, value, size, or intensity. 6) (of a period or movement) at its peak. 7) great in r …   English terms dictionary

  • high — [hī] adj. [ME heigh, hei, hie < OE heah, akin to Ger hoch, Goth hauhs < IE * keuk < base * keu , to curve, arch > Sans kakúd , peak, Russ kúča, heap] 1. of more than normal height; lofty; tall: not used of persons 2. extending upward… …   English World dictionary

  • high — high, tall, lofty mean above the average in height. High, the general term (opposed to low), implies marked extension upward and is applied chiefly to things which rise from a base or foundation {a high hill} {a high building} or are placed at a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • high — high; high·ball·er; high·be·lia; high·bind·er; high·bind·ing; high·brow·ism; high·er; high·est; high·ish; high·land·er; high·lone; high·ly; high·ness; high·way·man; ul·tra·high; high·light·er; high·fa·lu·tin; high·land; High; high·fa·lu·ting; …   English syllables

  • High — may refer to:* Height * High (atmospheric), a high pressure area * High (computability), a quality of a Turing degree, in computability theory * High (technical analysis), or top, an event in market price fluctuations of a security * High (1967… …   Wikipedia

  • High Q — is the name of various local television quiz shows broadcast throughout the United States. While the formats vary, all featured two or three teams representing high schools from the station s coverage area, which would compete against each other… …   Wikipedia

  • high — (izg. hȃj) prid. [i]i[/i] pril. DEFINICIJA 1. visok, usp. haj 2. žarg. koji je u uznesenom stanju (ob. ovisnici o drogi) SINTAGMA high end (izg. high ȅnd) žarg. koji se odnosi na vrhunske proizvode ili usluge, one koji su vrhunske kakvoće i… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • high — [adj1] tall; at a great distance aloft aerial, alpine, altitudinous, big, colossal, elevated, eminent, flying, formidable, giant, gigantic, grand, great, high reaching, high rise, hovering, huge, immense, large, lofty, long, sky high, sky… …   New thesaurus

  • High — High, n. 1. An elevated place; a superior region; a height; the sky; heaven. [1913 Webster] 2. People of rank or high station; as, high and low. [1913 Webster] 3. (Card Playing) The highest card dealt or drawn. [1913 Webster] {High, low, jack,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.