English


English
{{11}}English (1) "people or speech of England," O.E. Englisc, from Engle (pl.) "the Angles," the name of one of the Germanic groups that overran the island 5c., supposedly so-called because Angul, the land they inhabited on the Jutland coast, was shaped like a fish hook (see ANGLE (Cf. angle) (n.)). The term was used from earliest times without distinction for all the Germanic invaders -- Angles, Saxon, Jutes (Bede's gens Anglorum) -- and applied to their group of related languages by Alfred the Great. After 1066, of the population of England (as distinguished from Normans and French), a distinction which lasted only about a generation. In pronunciation, "En-" has become "In-," but the older spelling has remained. Meaning "English language or literature as a subject at school" is from 1889. Old English is from early 13c.
{{12}}English (2) "spin imparted to a ball" (as in billiards), 1860, from Fr. anglé "angled," which is similar to Anglais "English."

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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  • English — ► NOUN ▪ the language of England, now used in many varieties throughout the world. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to England. DERIVATIVES Englishness noun. ORIGIN Old English, related to ANGLE(Cf. ↑Angle) …   English terms dictionary


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