dis-


dis-
dis- (assimilated as dif- before -f-, to di- before most voiced consonants), prefix meaning 1. "lack of, not" (e.g. DISHONEST (Cf. dishonest)); 2. "do the opposite of" (e.g. DISALLOW (Cf. disallow)); 3. "apart, away" (e.g. DISCARD (Cf. discard)), from O.Fr. des- or directly from L. dis- "apart, in a different direction, between," figuratively "not, un-," also "exceedingly, utterly," from PIE *dis- "apart, asunder" (Cf. O.E. te-, O.S. ti-, O.H.G. ze-, Ger. zer-). The PIE root is a secondary form of *dwis- and thus is related to L. bis "twice" (originally *dvis) and to duo, on notion of "two ways, in twain." In classical Latin, dis- paralelled DE- (Cf. de-) and had much the same meaning, but in L.L. dis- came to be the favored form and this passed into Old French as des-, the form used for new compound words formed in Old French, where it increasingly had a privative sense ("not"). In English, many of these words eventually were altered back to dis-, while in French many have been altered back to de-. The usual confusion prevails.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dis — dis …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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  • dişərmə — «Dişərmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • dişətmə — «Dişətmək»dən f. is …   Azərbaycan dilinin izahlı lüğəti

  • dis — dis·accord; dis·advantage; dis·affect; dis·aggregate; dis·ap·pear; dis·array; dis·bar; dis·burse; dis·card; dis·charge; dis·ci·ple; dis·ci·pli·nar·i·an; dis·ci·pline; dis·claim; dis·close; dis·co; dis·co·glos·sid; dis·coid; dis·coi·dal;… …   English syllables

  • DIS — Danish Institute for Study Abroad Established 1959 Director Anders Uhrskov Academic staff 120 Admin. staff 80 …   Wikipedia

  • Dis — may refer to: Contents 1 Academic institutions 2 Companies 3 Computer topics …   Wikipedia

  • DIS — (Danish Interpretation Systems)  европейский производитель оборудования для аудиоконференций. С 1952 года компания разрабатывает и производит различные решения для конференц залов, включая: конференц системы и конгресс системы (системы для… …   Википедия

  • Dis — steht für: in der Musik das um ein Halbton erhöhtes D, siehe Tonleiter Dis Dur, eine Tonart, siehe Es Dur den römischen Totengott Dis Pater ein Album von Jan Garbarek dis steht für: den über Dis gebildeten Moll Akkord dis Moll DIS ist die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dis- — ♦ Élément, du lat. dis, indiquant la séparation, la différence, le défaut. ● dis Préfixe exprimant la séparation, la différence, la cessation ou le défaut : dissimilaire, dissymétrie, disgracieux. dis élément, du lat. dis, indiquant la séparation …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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