damn


damn
damn late 13c., "to condemn," from O.Fr. damner "damn, condemn; convict, blame; injure," derivative of L. damnare "to adjudge guilty; to doom; to condemn, blame, reject," from noun damnum "damage, hurt, harm; loss, injury; a fine, penalty," possibly from an ancient religious term from PIE *dap- "to apportion in exchange" [see Watkins]. The Latin word evolved a legal meaning of "pronounce judgment upon." Theological sense is first recorded early 14c.; the optative expletive use likely is as old. Damn and its derivatives generally were avoided in print from 18c. to c.1930s (the famous line in the film version of "Gone with the Wind" was a breakthrough and required much effort by the studio). The noun is recorded from 1610s; to be not worth a damn is from 1817. The adjective is 1775, short for damned; Damn Yankee, characteristic Southern U.S. term for "Northerner," is attested from 1812.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
, / , , / , , , , (all in a metaphorical sense, as applied to a play, writing, or cause)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • damn — ► VERB 1) (be damned) (in Christian belief) be condemned by God to eternal punishment in hell. 2) harshly condemn. 3) curse. ► EXCLAMATION informal ▪ expressing anger or frustration. ► ADJECTIVE informal ▪ u …   English terms dictionary

  • damn´er — damn «dam», verb, noun, adjective, adverb, interjection. –v.t. 1. to declare (something) to be bad or inferior; condemn: »The critics damned the new book. SYNONYM(S): denounce, proscribe, execrate. 2. to cause to fail; ruin: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • damn — [dam] vt. damned, damning [ME damnen < OFr damner < L damnare, to condemn, fine < damnum, loss, injury, akin to Gr dapanē, cost < IE * depno , sacrificial feast < base * dā(i) , to part, divide > TIME, TATTER] 1. a) Obs. to… …   English World dictionary

  • Damn — (d[a^]m), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Damned} (d[a^]md or d[a^]m n[e^]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Damning} (d[a^]m [i^]ng or d[a^]m n[i^]ng).] [OE. damnen dampnen (with excrescent p), OF. damner, dampner, F. damner, fr. L. damnare, damnatum, to condemn, fr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Damn U — US 7 single Single by Prince from the album Love Symbol B side …   Wikipedia

  • Damn — Damn, v. i. To invoke damnation; to curse. While I inwardly damn. Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • damn it — damn it/you/him/etc impolite phrase used when you are annoyed about something Jim’s never around when he’s supposed to be – damn him! Thesaurus: impolite and offensive expressions used when anno …   Useful english dictionary

  • damn — index proscribe (denounce) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • damn — vb 1 doom, condemn, *sentence, proscribe Analogous words: *judge, adjudge: *punish, castigate, discipline Antonyms: save (from eternal punishment) Contrasted words: redeem, ransom, *rescue, delive …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • damn — [v] condemn, denounce abuse, anathematize, attack, ban, banish, blaspheme, blast, castigate, cast out, censure, complain of, confound, convict, criticize, cry down, curse, cuss*, darn, denunciate, doom, drat, excommunicate, excoriate, execrate,… …   New thesaurus


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