{{11}}-ine (1) suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from Fr. -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from L. -inus "of, like."
{{12}}-ine (2) chemical suffix, sometimes -IN (Cf. -in), though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from Fr. -ine, from L. -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.

Etymology dictionary. 2014.

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